Numerous researchers have used radiometers built by Radiometrics to support their research all across the globe, from arctic regions to equatorial regions. A partial sample of the resulting publications is in this research reference list.

Chronological list of radiometer and weather-related references


Uncertainties of ground-based microwave radiometer retrievals in zenith and off-zenith observations under snow conditions, Zhang, G. Xu, Y. Liu, G. Yan, D. Li, and S. Wang, AMT,  2017.


Rapid mesoscale environmental changes accompanying genesis of an unusual tornado, S. Koch, R. Ware, H. Jiang and Y. Xie, Weather and Forecasting, 2016.

A new narrow-beam, multi-frequency, scanning radiometer and its application to in-flight icing detection, D. Serke, K. Reed, J. Negus, L. Blanchette, R. Ware and P. Kennedy, Atmospheric Research, 2016.

The use of small unmanned aerial systems to provide boundary layer measurements is now within reach, E. Dumas and C. Baker, MTI, 2016.

Boundary Layer Thermodynamic and Wind Observations for Improved Fog and Marine Layer Modeling and Forecasting (Audio), R. Ware,  L. Blanchette, D. Berchoff, W. Callahan, C. Clements, P. Croft, M. Eilts, P. Flatau, I. Gultepe, R. Hipschman, D. Holland, J. Kleissl, B. Koch, S. McLaughlin, M. Nelson, J. Negus, E. Osler, R. Parmentier, K. Reed, P. Roller, N. Sette, L. Thobois, S. Vanderburg, Y. Xie, and J. Zack, AMS, 2016.

Radiometric Retrievals During Cloud Seeding Operations near Vail Colorado, M. Nelson and P. Holbrook, AMS, 2016.


Atmospheric thickness and vertical structure properties in wintertime
precipitation events from microwave radiometer, radiosonde and wind profiler
observations, D.-K. Kim and D.-I. Lee, Met. App., 2015

Inventory and Assessment of Colorado Weather Modification Programs, Colorado Water Conservation Board, 2015.

Some Considerations on the Cryogenic Calibration Technique for Microwave and Millimeter Wave Ground-Based Radiometry, M. Miacci, C. Angelis, A. Calheiros, L. Machado, REGET, 2015.

Assessing calibration stability using the Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) Microwave Imager (GMI) noise diodes, D. Draper, D. Newell, D. McKague and J. Piepmeier, TGRS, 2015.

Adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system for temperature and humidity profile retrieval from microwave radiometer observations, K. Ramesh, A. Kesarkar, J. Bhate, M. Ratnam, and A. Jayaraman, AMT, 2015.

Vertical profile retrievals with warm-rain microphysics using the ground-based microwave radiometer operated by the Hong Kong Observatory, W. Chan and J. Lee, AR, 2015.

Exploiting existing ground-based remote sensing networks to improve high-resolution weather forecasts, A. Illingworth, D. Cimini, C. Gaffard, M. Haeffelin, V. Lehmann, U. Löhnert, E. O’Connor and D. Ruffieux, BAMS, 2015.

National Weather Service forecasters use GPS precipitable water vapor for enhanced situational awareness during the Southern California Summer monsoon, A. Moore, I. Small, S. Gutman, Y. Bock, J. Dumas, P. Fang, J. Haase, M. Jackson and J. Laber, BAMS, 2015.

Wind profilers to aid with monitoring and forecasting of high-impact weather in the southeastern and western United States, A. White, K. Mahoney, R. Cifelli and C. King, BAMS, 2015

Verification of quality of GPS based radiosonde data, M. Ansari, R. Madan and S. Bhatia, MAUSAM, 2015.

Microwave radiometer observations of interannual water vapor variability and vertical structure over a tropical station, R. Renju, C. Raju, N. Mathew, T. Antony and K. Moorthy, JGR, 2015.

Superensemble regional climate modeling for the western US, P. Mote, M. Allen, R. Jones, S. Li, R. Mera, D. Rupp, A. Salahuddin and D. Vickers, BAMS, 2015.

A model for the complex dielectric constant of supercooled liquid water at microwave frequencies, P. Rosenkranz, TGRS, 2015.

On the challenges of tomography retrievals of a 2D water vapor field using ground-based microwave radiometers: an observation system simulation experiment, V. Meunier, D. Turner and P. Kollias, JAOT, 2015.

Global precipitation measurement cold season precipitation experiment (GCPEX), G. Skofronick-Jackson, D. Hudak, W. Peterson, S. Nesbitt, V. Chandrasekar, S. Durden, K. Gleicher, G. Huang, P. Joe, P. Kollias, K. Reed, M. Schwaller, R. Stewart, S. Tanelli, A. Tokay, J. Wang and M. Wolde, BAMS, 2015.

Inventory and Assessment of Colorado Weather Modification Programs, Wilson Water Group, 2015.

Radiometric information content for water vapor and temperature profiling in clear skies between 10 and 200 GHz, S. Sahoo, X. Bosch-Lluis, S. Reising, J. Vivekanandan, AEORS, 2015.

A forward operator and its adjoint for GPS slant total delays, F. Zus, G. Dick, S. Heise and J. Wickert, Radio Science, 2015.

Comparison of atmospheric profiles between microwave radiometer retrievals and radiosonde soundings, G. Xu, B. Xi, W. Zhang, C. Cui, X. Dong, Y. Liu and G. Yan, JGR, 2015.

A review of remote sensing of lower tropospheric thermodynamic profiles and its indispensable role for the understanding and the simulation of water and energy cycles, V. Wulfmeyer, M. Hardesty, D. Turner, A. Behrendt, M. Cadeddu, P. Girolamo, P. Schlüssel, J. Baelen and F. Zus, Reviews of Geophysics, 2015.

Predicting wind power with greater accuracy, W. Miller and A. Heller, MTI, 2015.

Observing clear air close proximity environment of severe storms, L. Thobois and J. Soderholm, MTI, 2015.

Microwave Radiometers Hold Key to Identifying Supercooled Liquid Water, M. Nelson, D. Blestrud and D. Patton, MTI, 2015.

The impact of fog on ecosystems and society, R. Schemenauer, I. Gultepe and M. Witiw, MTI, 2015.

Monitoring snow using geostationary satellite retrievals during the SAAWSO project, R. Rabin, I. Gultepe, R. Kuligowski and A. Heidinger, PAGEO, 2015.

The impact of 3-dimensional data assimilation using dense surface observations on a local heavy rainfall event, K. Araki, H. Seko, T. Kawabata and K. Saito, JMA-MRI Report, 2015.

The impact of ground-based microwave radiometer data to estimation of thermodynamic profiles in low-level troposphere, K. Araki, M. Murakami, H. Ishimito and T. Tajiri, JMA-MRI Report, 2015.

Application of 1DVAR technique using ground-based microwave radiometer data to estimation of temporally high-resolution thermodynamic environments in a tornadic supercell event, K. Araki, M. Murakami, H. Ishimito and T. Tajiri, JMA-MRI Report, 2015.

Numerical simulation of heavy snowfall and the potential role of ice nuclei in cloud formation and precipitation development, K. Araki and M. Murakami, Ice Nucleation, 2015.

An evaluation of seeding effectiveness in the central Colorado mountains river basins weather modification program, D. Breed, D. Axisa, C. Liu and X. Feng, GRCC, 2015.

1DVAR Analysis, H. Ishihara, JCSEPA, 2015.

Validation of ground-based microwave radiometer data and its application in verifying atmospheric stability over Mahbubnagar during 2011 monsoon and post-monsoon seasons, P. Leena, K. Dani, A. Nath, S. Sanap, G. Pandithurai and V. Kumar, IJRS, 2015.

Seasonal and diurnal water vapour distribution in the Sahelian area from microwave radiometric profiling observations, V. Louf, O. Pujol, H. Sauvageot and J. Riédi, QJRMS, 2015.

Field-deployable diode-laser-based differential absorption lidar (DIAL) for profiling water vapor, S. Spuler, K. Repasky, B. Morley, D. Moen, M. Hayman and A. Nehrir, AMT, 2015.

Humidity mapping and high-impact local weather prediction, R. Ware, R. Anthes, L. Cucurull, M. Eilts, I. Gultepe, M. Jackson, K. Kelleher, S. Koch, A. MacDonald, R. Marshall, M. Murakami, M. Rajeevan, R. Serafin, Y. Xie and J. Zhang, InterMet-Asia, 2015.

Clouds, aerosols, and precipitation in the marine boundary layer, R. Wood, M. Wyant, C. Bretherton, J. Rémillard, P. Kollias, J. Fletcher, J. Stemmler, S. Szoeke, S. Yuter, M. Miller, D. Mechem, G. Tselioudis, J. Chiu, J. Mann, E. O’Connor, R. Hogan, X. Dong, M. Miller, V. Ghate, A. Jefferson, Q. Min, P. Minnis, R. Palikonda, B. Albrecht, E. Luke, C. Hannay and Y. Lin, BAMS, 2015.

Reference upper air observations for climate: From concept to reality, G. Bodeker, S. Bojinski, D. Cimini, R. Dirksen, M. Haeffelin, J. Hannigan, D. Hurst, T. Leblanc, F. Madonna, M. Maturilli, A. Mikalsen, R. Philipona, T. Reale, D. Seidel, D. Tan, P. Thorne, H. Vömel and J. Wang, BAMS, 2015.

Forecast indices from ground-based microwave radiometer for operational meteorology, D. Cimini, M. Nelson, J. Güldner and R. Ware, AMT, 2015.

A review on ice fog measurements and monitoring, I. Gultepe, B. Zhou, J. Milbrandt, A. Bott, Y. Li, A. Heymsfield, B. Ferrier, R. Ware, M. Pavolonis, T. Kuhn, J. Gurka, P. Liu and J. Cermak, Atmospheric Research, 2015.


The right radar wind profiler for your application, S. McLaughlin, TECO, 2014.

A data assimilation experiment of temperature and humidity profiles from an international network of ground-based microwave radiometers, D. Cimini, U. Löhnert, T. Huet, F. Madonna, F. Nasir, R. Posada, O. Caumont, L. Alados-Arboledast, M. Ferrario, A. Haefele, G. Pace and R. Bleisch, IEEE, 2014.

Overview: tropospheric profiling: state of the art and future challenges – introduction to the AMT special issue, D. Cimini, V. Rizi, P. Girolamo, F. Marzano, A. Macke, G. Pappalardo and A. Richter, AMT, 2014.

Evaluation of brightness temperature from a forward model of ground-based microwave radiometer, S. Rambabu, J. Pillai, A. Agarwal and G. Pandithurai, JESS, 2014.

Absorption properties of supercooled liquid water between 31 and 225 GHz: evaluation of absorption models using ground-based observations, S. Kneifel, S. Redl, E. Orlandi, U. Löhnert, M. Cadeddu, D. Turner and M. Chen, JAMC, 2014.

Information content and uncertainties in thermodynamic profiles and liquid cloud properties retrieved from the ground-based atmospheric emitted radiance interferometer (AERI), D. Turner and U. Löhnert, JAMC, 2014.

Double bright band observations with high resolution vertically pointing radar, lidar, and profilers, A. Emory, B. Demoz, K. Vermeesch and M. Hicks, JGR, 2014.

Weather features associated with aircraft icing conditions: a case study, S. Fernández-González, J. Sánchez, E. Gascón, L. López, E. Garcia-Ortega and A. Merino, SWJ, 2014.

Macrophysical and microphysical properties of monsoon clouds over a rain shadow region in India from ground-based radiometric measurements, G. Harikishan, B. Padmakumari, R. Maheskumar, G. Pandithurai and Q. Min, JGR, 2014.

Marine fog: a review, D. Koračin, C. Dorman, J. Lewis, J. Hudson, E. Wilcox, and A. Torregrosa, Atmospheric Research, 2014.

Ground-Based microwave radiometry and remote sensing: methods and applications, P. Karmakar, CRC Press, 2014.

Limited constraint, robust Kalman filtering for GNSS troposphere tomography, W. Rohm, K. Zhang and J. Bosy, AMT, 2014.

A comparison of LiDAR and radiosonde wind measurements, V-M. Kumer, J. Reuder and B. Furevik, Energy Procedia, 2014.

Drought: Cloud seeding study boosts hopes in parched West, A. Snider, Greenwire, 2014.

The CHUVA project: how does convection vary across Brazil? L. Machado, et al, BAMS, 2014.

Understanding thermal drift in liquid nitrogen loads used for radiometric calibration in the field, S. Paine, D. Turner and N. Küchler, JAOT, 2014.

The California State University – Mobile Atmospheric Profiling System (CSU – MAPS): A facility for research and education in boundary-layer meteorology, C. Clements and A. Oliphant, BAMS, 2014.

Droplet size distributions as a function of rainy system type and cloud condensation nuclei concentrations, M. Cecchini, L. Machado, and P. Artaxo, Atmospheric Research, 2014.

Cloud and rain liquid water statistics in the CHUVA campaignA. Calheiros, L. Machado, Atmospheric Research, 2014.

Remote sensing of lightning by a ground-based microwave radiometer, Z. Wang, Q. Li, F. Hu, X. Cao and Y. Chu, Atmospheric Research, 2014.

National plan for civil earth observations, Holdren, J. P., National Science and Technology Council, 2014.

Earth observation priorities 2014, Members, Alliance for Earth Observations, 2014.

Influence of meter-scale wind-formed features on the variability of the microwave brightness temperature around Dome C in Antarctica, G. Picard, A. Royer, L. Arnaud and M. Fily, The Cryosphere, 2014.

Meteorology for coastal/offshore wind energy in the United States: recommendations and research needs for the next 10 years, C. Archer, B. Colle, L. Delle Monache, M. Dvorak, J. Lundquist, B. Bailey, P. Beaucage, M. Churchfield, A. Fitch, B. Kosovic, S. Lee, P. Moriarty, H. Simao, R. Stevens, D. Veron and J. Zack, BAMS, 2014.

Ice fog in Arctic during FRAM-ice fog project: aviation and nowcasting applications, I. Gultepe, T. Kuhn, M. Pavolonis, C. Calvert, J. Gurka, A. Heymsfield, P. Liu, B. Zhou, R. Ware, B. Ferrier, J. Milbrandt and B. Bernstein, BAMS, 2014.

Temporal variation of close-proximity soundings with a tornadic supercell environment, K. Araki, H. Ishimoto, M. Murakami and T. Tajiri, SOLA, 2014.

Estimation of local-scale precipitable water vapor distribution around each GNSS station using slant path delay, Y. Shoji, H. Yamauchi, W. Mashiko and E. Sato, SOLA, 2014.

Thermodynamic profiling and humidity mapping for local high-impact weather prediction, R. Ware, R. Anthes, L. Blanchette, M. Eilts, I Gultepe, S. Heckman, M. Jackson, A. MacDonald, R. Marshall, M. Murakami, M. Nelson, V. Markin,  M. Rajeevan, R. Serafin and Y. Xie, WMO Technical Conference on Meteorological and Hydrological Services, 2014.

Effect of off-zenith observation on reducing the impact of precipitation on ground-based microwave radiometer measurement accuracy in Wuhan, G. Xu, R. Ware, W. Zhang, G. Feng, K. Liao and Y. Liu, Atmospheric Research, 2014.

Monitoring water phase dynamics in winter clouds, E. Campos, R. Ware, P. Joe and D. Hudak, Atmospheric Research, 2014.

Supercooled liquid water content profiling case studies with a new vibrating wire sonde compared to a ground-based microwave radiometer, D. Serke, E. Hall, J. Bognar, A. Jordan, S. Abdo, K. Baker, T. Seitel, M. Nelson, A. Reehorst, R. Ware, F. McDonough and M. Politovich, Atmospheric Research, 2014.

Microwave radio emissions of negative cloud-to-ground lightning flashes, D. Petersen and W. Beasley, Atmospheric Research, 2014.


Combining ground-based with satellite-based measurements in the atmospheric state retrieval: Assessment of the information content, K. Ebell, E. Orlandi, A. Hünerbein, U. Löhnert, and S. Crewell, JGR, 2013.

A Numerical Study on a Mesoscale Convective System over a Subtropical Island with 4D-Var Assimilation of GPS Slant Total Delays, T. Kawabata, Y. Shoji, H. Seko and K. Saito, JMSJ, 2013.

An overview of the urban boundary layer atmosphere network in Helsinki, C. Wood, L. Järvi, R. Kouznetsov, A. Nordbo, S. Joffre, A. Drebs, T. Vihma, A. Hirsikko, I. Suomi, C. Fortelius, E. O’Connor, D. Moiseev, S. Haapanala, J. Moilanen, M. Kangas, A. Karppinen, T. Vesala and J. Kukkonen, BAMS, 2013.

Remote Sensing of Boundary Layer Thermodynamics and Wind (recorded presentation at 2013 AMS Conference), M. Nelson, L. Thobois, and R. Ware, AMS, 2013.

Verification of RAP Model Soundings in Preconvective Environments, J. Laflin, JOM, 2013.

Biases caused by the instrument bandwidth and beam width on simulated brightness temperature measurements from scanning microwave radiometers, V. Meunier, U. Löhnert, P. Kollias, and S. Crewell, AMT, 2013.

140-220-GHz DHBT Detectors, V. Vassilev, H. Zirath, R. Kozhuharov and S. Lai, TMTT, 2013.

Radiation dry bias correction of Vaisala RS92 humidity data and its impacts on historical radiosonde data, J. Wang, L. Zhang, A. Dai, F. Immler, M. Sommer and H. Vömel, JAOT, 2013.

The tornado warning process: a review of current research, challenges, and opportunities, J. Brotzge and W. Donner, BAMS, 2013.

Characteristic analysis of aspheric quasi-optical lens antenna in millimeter-wave radiometer imaging system, W. Kim, N. Moon, M. Singh, H. Kim and Y. Kim, Applied Optics, 2013.

Investigation of ground-based microwave radiometer calibration techniques at 530 hPa, G. Maschwitz, U. Löhnert, S. Crewell, T. Rose and D. D. Turner, AMT, 2013.

Preconditioning deep convection with cumulus congestus, C. Hohenegger and B. Stevens, JAS, 2013.

GNSS observations of deep convective time scales in the Amazon, D.  K. Adams, S. I. Gutman, K. L. Holub and D. S. Pereira, Geophysical Research Letters, 2013.

Mixing layer height retrievals by multichannel microwave radiometer observations, D. Cimini, F. De Angelis, J. Dupont, S. Pal and M. Haeffelin, Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 2013.

A model-based approach to adjust microwave observations for operational applications: results of a campaign at Munich airport in winter 2011/2012, J. Güldner, Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 2013.

The atmospheric radiation measurement (ARM) program network of microwave radiometers: instrumentation, data, and retrievals, M. P. Cadeddu, J. C. Liljegren and D. Turner, Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 2013.

Nowcasting severe convective activity over southeast India using ground-based microwave radiometer observations, A. Madhulatha, M. Rajeevan, M.V. Ratnam, J. Bhate and C.V. Naidu, Journal of Geophysical Research, 2013.

Microwave radiometric observation of a waterspout over coastal Arabian Sea, C.S. Raju, R. Renju, T. Antony, N. Mathew and K.K. Moorthy, IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, 2013.

A method to improve the accuracy of continuous measuring of vertical profiles of temperature and water vapor density by means of ground-based microwave radiometer, J. L. Sanchez, R. Posada, E. Garcia-Ortega, L. Lopez and J. L. Marcos, Atmospheric Research, 2013.

Diurnal variability of stability indices observed using radiosonde observations over a tropical station: comparison with microwave radiometer measurements, M. V. Ratnam, Y. D. Santhi, M. Rajeevan, S. V. Bhaskara Rao, Atmospheric Research, 2013.

CREST-snow field experiement: analysis of snowpack properties using multi-frequency mircowave remote sensing data, T. Y. Lakhankar, J. Munoz, P. Romanov, A. M. Powell, N. Y. Krakauer, W. B. Rossow, and R. M. Khanbilvardi, HESS, 2013.

Thermodynamic and liquid profiling during the 2010 Winter Olympics, R. Ware, D. Cimini, E. Campos, G. Giuliani, S. Albers, M. Nelson, S.E. Koch, P. Joe, and S. Cober, Atmospheric Research, 2013.

Application of brightness temperature data from a ground-based microwave radiometer to issue low-level windshear alert over Hong Kong International Airport, P. W. Chan and Y. F. Lee, MAUSAM, 2013.

Service Bulletin: Calibration target maintenance, E. Plomondon and M. Sharp, 2013.

Implementation of a silver iodide cloud-seeding parameterization in WRF. Part I: Model description and idealized 2D sensitivity tests, L. Xue, A. Hashimoto, M. Murakami, R. Rasmussen, S. A. Tessendorf, D. Breed, S. Parkinson, P. Holbrook and D. Blestrud, JAMC, 2013.

Implementation of a silver iodide cloud-seeding parameterization in WRF. Part II: 3D simulations of actual seeding events and sensitivity tests, L. Xue, S. A. Tessendorf, E. Nelson, R. Rasmussen, D. Breed, S. Parkinson, P. Holbrook and D. Blestrud, JAMC, 2013.

GNSS observations of deep convective time scales in the Amazon, D. K. Adams, S. I. Gutman, K. L. Holub, and D. S. Pereira, Geophysical Research Letters, 2013.

Thermodynamic observations of the June 2012 Derecho, E. Novakovskaia, J. Bosse, L. Blanchette, L. Cooper, A. Czarnetski, B. Demoz, M. Nelson, A. Reehorst, C. Sloop, D. Stillman, R. Ware, 93rd Annual Meeting, AMS, 2013.


Use of a Sodar to Improve the Forecast of Fogs and Low Clouds on Airports, A. Dabas, S. Remy and T. Bergot, PAG, 2012.

A Low-Cost Water Vapor Radiometer for Deep Space Network Media Calibration, M. Britcliffe, D. Hoppe and M. Franco, JPL Report , 2012.

Committee on urban meteorology: scoping the problem, defining the needs, J. Snow, X. Zeng, P. Klein, S. Sarnat, J. Shepherd and E. Stanley, NAS, 2012.

Evaluation of passive microwave brightness temperature simulations and snow water equivalent retrievals through a winter season, C. Derksen, P. Toose, J. Lemmetyinen, J. Pulliainen, A. Langlois, N. Rutter and  M.C. Fuller, RSE, 2012.

On the importance of Vaisala RS92 radiosonde humidity corrections for a better agreement between measured and modeled satellite radiances, A Kottayil, S. Buehler, V. John, L. Miloshevich, M. Milz, and G. Holl, JAOT, 2012.

An international network of ground-based microwave radiometers for the assimilation of temperature and humidity profiles into NWP models, D. Cimini, O. Caumont, U. Löhnert, L. Alados-Arboledas, R. Bleisch, J. Frenández-Gálvez, T. Huet, M. Ferrario, F. Madonna, O. Maier, F. Nasir, G. Pace and R. Posada, ISTP, 2012.

The wintertime South Pole tropospheric water vapor column: Comparisons of radiosonde and recent terahertz radiometry, use of the saturated column as a proxy measurement, and inference of decedal trends, R. Chamberlin and E. Grossman, JGR, 2012.

The Queensland Cloud Seeding Research Program, S. Tessendorf, R. Bruintjes, C. Weeks, J. Wilson, C. Knight, R. Roberts , J. Peter, S. Collis, P. Buseck, E. Freney, M. Dixon, M. Pocernich, K. Ikeda, D. Axisa, E. Nelson, P. May, H. Richter, S. Piketh, R. Burger, L. Wilson, S. Siems, M. Manton, R. Stone, A. Pepler, D. Collins, V. Bringi , M. Thurai, L. Turner, and D. McRae, BAMS, 2012.

Standing Wave Patterns at Liquid Nitrogen Calibration of Microwave Radiometers, B. Pospichal, G. Maschwitz, N. Küchler and T. Rose, 2012.

Radar observations of individual rain drops in the free atmosphere, J. Schmidt, P. Flatau, P. Harasti, R. Yates, R. Littleton, M. Pritchard, J. Fischer, E. Fischer, W. Kohri, J. Vetter, S. Richman, D. Baranowski, M. Anderson, E. Fletcher and D. Lando, 2012.

Near real-time estimation of water vapour in the troposhere using ground GNSS and the meteorological data, J. Bosey, J. Kaplon, W. Rohm, J. Sierny, and T. Hadas, Annales Geophysicae, 2012.

Coupling the snow thermodynamic model SNOWPACK with the microwave emission model of layered snowpacks for subarctic and arctic snow water equivalent retrievals, A. Langlois, A. Royer, C. Derksen, B. Montpetit, F. Dupont, and K. Goita, Water Resources Research, 2012.

Hawaii utility integration initiatives to enable wind (Wind HUI) Part 1, D. Nakafuji, DOE, 2012.

Hawaii utility integration initiatives to enable wind (Wind HUI) Part 2, D. Nakafuji, DOE, 2012.

Urban Meteorology: Forecasting, Monitoring, and Meeting Users’ Needs, Snow, J., X. Zeng, P. Klein, S. Sarnat, J. Shepherd, E. Stanley, U.S. National Academy of Sciences, 2012.

Weather Services for the Nation: Becoming Second to None , J. Armstrong, J. Doye, P. Emch, W. Gail, D. Gochis, E. Gruntfest, H. Hartmann, K. Kloesel, N. Lampson, J. Madden, G. McBean, D. McLaughlin, A. Raftery, J. Rasmussen, P. Smith, J. Toohey-Morales, U.S. National Research Council, 2012.

Atmospheric Temperature and Absolute Humidity Profiles over the Beaufort Sea and Amundsen Gulf from a Microwave Radiometer, L. Candlish, R. Raddatz, M. Asplin and D. Barber, JAOT, 2012.

On the Predictability of Hub Height Winds, Caroline Draxl, Doctoral Thesis, 2012.

How Well Are We Measuring Snow? The NOAA/FAA/NCAR Winter Precipitation Test Bed, R. Rasmussen, B. Baker, J.Kochendorfer, T. Meyers, S. Landolt, A. Fischer, J. Black, J. Theriault, P. Kucera, D. Gochis, C. Smith, R. Nitu, M. Hall , K. Ikeda and E. Gutmann, BAMS, 2012.

NOWCASTING: The Promise of New Technologies of Communication, Modeling, and Observation, C. Mass, BAMS, 2012.

Mixing Height Retrievals by Microwave Multichannel Observations: Potential for Instrument Synergy, D. Cimini, J. Dupont, M. Haeffelin, F. De Angelis, ISARS, 2012.

Thermodynamic Remote Sensing of the Boundary Layer and Above, A Network Approach, J. Bosse, D. Oberholzer, M. Nelson, R. Ware, ISARS, 2012.

Acoustic Travel-Time Tomography of the Atmosphere at the Boulder Atmospheric Observatory, V. Ostashev, S. Vecherin, D. Wilson, A. Bedard, J. Leach, K. Clark, C. Fairall, and D. Wolfe, ISARS, 2012.

Atmospheric stability affects wind turbine power collection, S. Wharton and J. Lundquist, ERL, 2012.

Assessing atmospheric stability and its impacts on rotor-disk wind characteristics at an onshore wind farm, S. Wharton and J. Lundquist, Wind Energy, 2012.

Operational profiling of temperature using ground-based microwave radiometry at Payerne: prospects and challenges, U. Loehnert and O. Maier, AMT, 2012.

When Lightning Speaks: Total lightning detection for proxy radar analysis, C. Liu, S. Heckman and E. Novakovskaia, MTI, 2012.

Stability and turbulence in the atmospheric boundary layer: An intercomparison of remote sensing and tower observations, K. Friedrich, J. Lundquist, M. Aitken, E. Kalina and R. Marshall, GRL, 2012.

Development of a perfect prognosis probabilistic model for prediction of lightning over south-east India, M. Rajeevan, A. Madhulatha, M. Rajasekhar, J. Bhate, A. Kesarkar, B.V. Appa Rao, Journal of Earth System Science, 2012.

Science of nowcasting Olympic weather for Vancouver 2010 (SNOW-V10): a World Weather Research Programme project, G.A. Isaac, et al., Physics and Applied Geoscience, 2012.

Persistent daytime superdiabatic surface layers observed by a microwave temperature profiler, A. C. Czarnetzki, National Weather Association Annual Meeting, 2012.

Near real-time estimation of water vapour in the troposphere using ground GNSS and the meteorological data, J. Bosy, J. Kaplon, W. Rohn, J. Sierny and T. Hadas, Ann. Geophys, 2012.

Electromagnetic radiation field of an electron avalanche, V. Cooray and G. Cooray, Atmospheric Research, 2012.


The integral fast reactor (IFR): An optimized source for global energy needs, C. Archambeau, R. Ware, T. Blees, B. Brook, Y. Chang, J. Peterson, R. Serafin, J. Shuster, E. Velikhov and T. Wigley, AMS, 2011.

Integrated Ground-Based Observing Systems: Applications for Climate, Meteorology, and Civil Protection, D. Cimini, F. Marzano, and G. Visconti, Springer, 2011.

Atmospheric Refraction and Propagation in Lower Troposphere, Grabner, M., and V. Kvicera, Electromagnetic Waves, InTech, 2011.

Lightning risk warnings based on atmospheric electric field measurements in Brazil, M. A. S. Ferro, J. Yamasaki, D. R. M. Pimentel, K. P. Naccarato, and M. M. F. Saba, JATM, 2011.

The NOAA hydrometeorology testbed soil moisture observing networks: design, instrumentation, and preliminary results, R. J. Zamora, F. M. Ralph, E. Clark, and T. Schneider, JAOT, 2011.

Evaluation of water permittivity models from ground-based observations of cold clouds at frequencies between 23 and 170 GHz, M. P. Cadeddu and D. D. Turner, TGRS, 2011.

Sensitivities of simulated convective storms to environmental CAPE, C. Kirkpatrick, E. W. McCaul Jr. and C. Cohen, Monthly Weather Review, 2011.

A dense GNSS meteorological network for observing deep convection in the Amazon, D. K. Adams, R. M. S. Fernandez, E. R. Kursinski, J. M. Maia, L. F. Sapucci, L. A. T. Machado, I. Vitorello, J. F. G. Monico, K. L. Holub, S. I. Gutman, N. Filizola, and R. A. Bennett, Atmospheric Science Letters, 2011.

60-GHz oxygen band: Precise experimental profiles and extended absorption modeling in a wide temperature range, D. Makarov, M. Tretyakov and P. Rosenkranz, JQSRT, 2011.

Thermodynamic Profiling Technologies Workshop, R. Hoff, R. Hardesty, F. Carr, T. Weckwerth, S. Koch, A. Benedetti, S. Crewell, N. Cimini, D. Turner, W. Feltz, B. Demoz, V. Wulfmeyer, D. Sisterson, T. Ackerman, F. Fabry, K. Knupp, R. Carbone and R. Serafin, NSF-NWS Workshop Report, 2011.

A Space–Time Multiscale Analysis System: A Sequential Variational Analysis Approach, Y. Xie, S. Koch, J. McGinley, S. Albers, P. Bieringer, M. Wolfson and M. Chan, MWR, 2011.

Operational assimilation of GPS slant path delay measurements into the MM5 4DVAR system, H. Bauer, V. Wulfmeyer, T. Schwitalla, F. Zus and M. Grzeschik, Tellus, 2011.

A Multisensor Approach toward a Better Understanding of Snowfall Microphysics, The TOSCA Project, U. Loehnert, S. Kneifel, A. Battagli, M. Hagen, L. Hirsch and S. Crewell, BAMS, 2011.

The Canopy Horizontal Array Turbulence Study, E. Patton, T. Horst, P. Sullivan, D. Lenschow, S. Oncley, W. Brown, S. Burns, A. Guenther, A. Held, T. Karl, S. Mayor, L. Rizzo, S. Spuler, J. Sun, A. Turnipseed, E. Allwine, S. Edburg, B. Lamb, R. Avissar, R. Calhoun, J. Kleissl, W.. Massman, K.Paw U and J. Weil, BAMS, 2011.

Rain Attenuation Studies in the Microwave Band over a Southern Latitude, P. Karmakar, M. Maiti, K. Bhattacharyya, C. Angelis and L. Machado, PJST, 2011.

Assessing atmospheric stability and its impacts on rotor-disk wind characteristics at an onshore wind farm, S. Wharton and J. Lundquist, Wind Energy, 2011.

Forecasting the Wind to Reach Significant Penetration Levels of Wind Energy, M. Marquis, J. Wilczak, M. Ahlstrom, J. Sharp, A. Stern, J. Smith and S. Calvert, BAMS, 2011.

Analysis of a dryline-like feature in northern Germany detected by ground-based microwave profiling, D. Spänkuch, J. Güldner , H. Steinhagen and M. Bender, Met Zeit, 2011.

Application of a ground-based, multi-channel microwave radiometer to the alerting of low-level windshear at an airport, P.W. Chan and Y.F. Lee, Met Zeit, 2011.

Application of ground-based, multi-channel microwave radiometer in the nowcasting of intense convective weather through instability indices of the atmosphere, P.W. Chan and K.K. Hon, Met Zeit, 2011.

U.S. Economic Sensitivity to Weather Variability, Lazo, J., M. Lawson, P. Larsen and D. Waldman, BAMS, 2011.

Thermodynamic Atmospheric Profiling during the 2010 Winter Olympics Using Ground-based Microwave Radiometry, D. Cimini, E. Campos, R. Ware, S. Albers, G. Graziano, J. Oreamuno, P. Joe, S. Koch, S. Cober and E. Westwater, TGRS, 2011.

Water vapor continuum absorption in the Microwave, V.H. Payne, E.J. Mlawer, K.E. Cady-Pereira, and J. Moncet, TGRS, 2011.

Development of a GNSS water vapour tomography system using algebraic reconstruction techniques, Bender, M., Dick, G., Ge, M., Deng, Z., Wickert, J., Kahle, H., Raabe, A., Tetzlaff, G., ASR, 2011.


B-Machine Polarimeter: A telescope to measure the polarization of the cosmic microwave background, B. Williams, UCSB, 2010.

An evaluation of eleven operational cloud seeding programs in the watersheds of the Sierra Nevada Mountains, B. Silverman, Atmospheric Research, 2010.

Water droplet calibration of the cloud droplet probe (CDP) and in-flight performance in liquid, ice and mixed-phase clouds during ARCPAC, S. Lance, C. Brook, D. Rogers and J. Gordon, AMT, 2010.

Characterization of precipitating clouds by ground-based measurements with the triple-frequency polarized microwave radiometer ADMIRARI, A. Battaglia, P. Saavedra, T. Rose and C. Simmer, JAMC, 2010.

Guide to Meteorological Instruments and Methods of Observation WMO-No. 8, 2008 edition, Updated in 2010.

Sensitivity of WRF cloud microphysics to simulations of a severe thunderstorm event over Southeast India, M. Rajeevan, A. Kesarkar, S. B. Thampi, T. N. Rao, B. Radhakrishna, and M. Rajasekhar, Annales Geophysicae, 2010.

On the Relationship between Water Vapour Field Evolution and the Life Cycle of Precipitation Systems, J. Van Baelen, M. Reverdy, F. Tridon, L. Labgouz, G. Dick, M. Bender and M. Hagen, QJRMS, 2010.

Snow scattering signals in ground-based passive microwave radiometer measurements, S. Kneifel, U. Lohnert, A. Battaglia, S. Crewell and D. Siebler, JGR, 2010.

Microwave absorption of supercooled clouds and implications for the dielectric properties of water, C. Mätzler, P. Rosenkranz and J. Cerma, JGR, 2010.

Estimating climatological planetary boundary layer heights from radiosonde observations: Comparison of methods and uncertainty analysis, D. Seidel, C. Ao and K. Li, JGR, 2010.

HAMSTRAD-Tropo, A 183-GHz Radiometer Dedicated to Sound Tropospheric Water Vapor Over Concordia Station, Antarctica, P. Ricaud, B. Gabard, S. Derrien, J.P. Chaboureau, T. Rose, A. Mombauer and H. Czekala, TGRS, 2010.

Comparing radiosonde and COSMIC atmospheric profile data to quantify differences among radiosonde types and the effects of imperfect collocation on comparison statistics, B. Sun, A. Reale, D. Seidel and D. Hunt, JGR, 2010.

When Weather Matters: Science and Service to Meet Critical Societal Needs, W. Dabberdt, R. Carbone, S. Chen, G. Forbes, E. Foufoula-Georgiou, R. Morss, J. Snow and X. Zeng, U.S. National Academy of Sciences, 2010.

Environment Canada’s Experimental Numerical Weather Prediction Systems for the Vancouver 2010 Winter Olympic and Paralympic Games, J. Mailhot, S. Bèlair, M. Charron, C. Doyle, P. Joe, M. Abrahamowicz, N. Bernier, B. Denis, A. Erfani, R. Frenette, A. Giguère, G. Isaac, N. McLennan, R. McTaggart-Cowan, J. Milbrandt and L. Tong, BAMS, 2010.

Observational Needs for Wind Resource Assessment and Forecasting, J. Lundquist, AMS Short Course on Wind Energy, 2010.

Atmospheric Stability Impacts on Power Curves of Tall Wind Turbines – An Analysis of a West Coast North American Wind Farm, S. Wharton and J. Lundquist, LLNL Report, 2010.

On characterizing the error in a remotely sensed liquid water content profile, K. Ebell, U. Loehnert, S. Crewell, D. Turner, Atmospheric Research, 2010.

Scientific Rigor in Weather Modification, R. Bruintjes, UCAR at 50, 2010.

Performance of Instability Indices of the Troposphere as Derived from a Ground-based Microwave Radiometer, P.W. Chan and K.K. Hon, MicroRad, 2010.

The Use of Neural Network Retrieval for Thermodynamic Profiles of a Ground-based Microwave Radiometer, P.W. Chan, MicroRad, 2010.

Application of a Ground-based Microwave Radiometer in Cloud Observations, P.W. Chan and C.M. Li, MicroRad, 2010.

All Weather Hyperspectral Atmospheric Sounding, W. Blackwell, V. Leslie, M. Pieper, J. Samra, Lincoln Laboratory Journal, 2010.

Thermodynamic Profiling at the Alpine Venue of the 2010 Winter Olympics, R. Ware, D. Cimini, G. Giuliani, E. Campos, J. Oreamuno, P. Joe, S. Cober, S. Albers, S. Koch, E. Westwater, TECO, 2010.

Boundary layer thermodynamic profiling using ground-based microwave radiometry and 1DVAR for Nowcasting, D. Cimini, R. Ware, G. Giuliani, J. Oreamuno, E. Campos, S. Albers, P. Joe, S. Koch and S. Cober, ISARS, 2010.

The Quality of Air: Constant Upper Air Measurements, P. Wiker and R. Baxter, Met Tech Int, 2010.

Sensing Vegetation Growth with Reflected GPS Signals, E. Small, K. Larson and J. Braun, GRL, 2010.

Temperature and humidity profiling in the Arctic using ground-based millimeter-wave radiometry and 1DVAR, D. Cimini, E. Westwater and A. Gasiewski, TGRS, 2010.

Continuous Thermodynamic Profiling for Air Quality Applications, R. Baxter, R. Ware, F. Solheim, D. Patton, J. Oreamuno, G. Frederick and P. Wiker, National Air Quality Conference, 2010.

Thermodynamic Profiler Temperature Sounding Accuracy, R. Ware, F. Solheim, G. Frederick, National Air Quality Conference, 2010.

A New Narrowbeam Multi-Frequency Scanning Radiometer and its Application to In-Flight Icing Detection, D. Serke, P. Beaty, A. Reehorst, P. Kennedy, F. Solheim, R. Ware, M. Politovich, D. Brunkow and R. Bowie, AMS 14th Conference on Aviation, Range, and Aerospace Meteorology (ARAM), 2010.


Cirrus clouds and deep convection in the tropics: Insights from CALIPSO and CloudSat, K. Sassen, Z. Wang and D. Liu, JGR, 2009.

Conceptualisation and Design of a “Mesoscale Radiometer”, F. Fabry and V. Meunier, International Symposium on Tropospheric Profiling, 2009.

The fog remote sensing and modeling field project, I. Gultepe, G. Pearson, J. Milbrandt, B. Hansen, S. Platnick, P. Taylor, M. Gordon, J. Oakley and S. Cober, BAMS, 2009.

Comparison of total cloud amount determined by a ceilometer and a microwave radiometer, P. W. Chan, and C. M. Li, ISTP, 2009.

Real-time water vapor maps from a GPS surface Network: Construction, validation, and applications, S. de Haan, I. Holleman, and A. A. M. Holtslag, JAMC, 2009.

Quality Bulletin: IRT corrosion, IRT lens pitting and IRT reflective mirror degradation, E. Plomondon, Radiometrics Corporation, 2009.

Spread the Message – The ‘Moving Weather’ System, D. Thomas, Meteorological Technology International, 2009.

Characteristics of Nocturnal Low-Level Jets Observed in the North Florida Area, A. Karipot, M. LeClerk and G. Zhang, MWR, 2009.

Conceptualisation and Design of a “Mesoscale Radiometer”, F. Fabry and V. Meunier, ISTP, 2009.

Rain Observations by a Multifrequency Dual-Polarized Radiometer, A. Battaglia, P. Saavedra, C. Simmer and T. Rose, GRSL, 2009.

Future Forecasting, J. Snow, Future Airport, 2009.

Modifications to the Water Vapor Continuum in the Microwave Suggested by Ground-Based 150-GHz Observations, D. Turner, M. Cadeddu, U. Loehnert, S. Crewell and A. Vogelmann, TGRS, 2009.

Ground-Based Temperature and Humidity Profiling Using Spectral Infrared and Microwave Observations. Part I: Simulated Retrieval Performance in Clear-Sky Conditions, U. Loehnert and D. Turner, S. Crewell, JAMC, 2009.

Retrieval of Atmospheric Water Vapor Density With Fine Spatial Resolution Using Three-Dimensional Tomographic Inversion of Microwave Brightness Temperatures Measured by a Network of Scanning Compact Radiometers, S. Padmanabhan, S. Reising, J. Vivekanandan and F. Iturbide-Sanchez, TGARS, 2009.

Towards the comparability of microwave observations: Results from a temporary profiler network during the WMO campaign LUAMI in November 2008, J. Güldner, A. Christoph, D. Engelbart, M. Ferrario, C. Heret, U. Loehnert , F. Madonna, D. Ruffieux, C. Wrench and Y. Zoll, ISTP, 2009.

Observing Weather and Climate from the Ground Up, A Nationwide Network of Networks, R. Carbone, J. Block, S. Boselly, G. Carmichael, F. Carr, V. Chandrasekar, E. Gruntfest, R. Hoff, W. Krajewski, M. Lemone, J. Purdom, T. Schlatter, E. Takle, J. Titlow, C. Marshall and R. Greenway, U.S. National Academy of Sciences, 2009.

Comparison of Total Cloud Amount Determined by a Ceilometer and a Microwave Radiometer, P.W. Chan and C.M. Li, ISTP, 2009.

Remote Sensing Observations of the Subsidence Zone Within the Eye of Typhoon Nuri in Hong Kong in 2008, C.P. Wong and P.W. Chan, ISTP, 2009.

Estimates of the information provided by GPS slant data observed in Germany regarding tomographic applications, M. Bender, G. Dick,J. Wickert, M. Ramatschi, M. Ge, G. Gendt, M. Rothacher, A. Raabe and G. Tetzlaff, JGR, 2009.

Nowcasting Applications of a Microwave Radiometer in Hong Kong, P.W. Chan, ISTP, 2009.

The Influence of the Wind Speed Profile on Wind Turbine Performance Measurements, R. Wagner, I. Antoniou, S. Pedersen, M. Courtney and H. Jorgensen, Wind Energy, 2009.

Can liquid water profiles be retrieved from passive microwave zenith observations?, S. Crewell, K. Ebell, U. Loehnert and D. Turner, GRL, 2009.

Performance and application of a multi-wavelength, ground-based microwave radiometer in intense convective weather, P.W. Chan, Met. Zeit., 2009.

Radiometric Studies of Water Vapour at 22.234 GHz over Brazil, P. Karmakar, A. Calheiros, C. Angelis, L. Machado, S. da Costa, TGARS, 2009.

300 Billion Served: Sources, Perceptions, Uses, and Values of Weather Forecasts. J. Lazo, R. Morss and J. Demuth, BAMS, 2009.

Can we measure snow depth with GPS receivers? K. Larson, E. Gutmann, V. Zavorotny, J. Braun, M. Williams and F. Nievinski, GRL, 2009.

An Analysis of the Performance of the UFAM Pulsed Doppler Lidar for Observing the Boundary Layer, G. Pearson, F. Davies and C. Collier, JAOT, 2009.

Analysis and improvements of cloud models for propagation studies, V. Mattioli, P. Basili, S. Bonafoni, P. Ciotti, and E. Westwater, Rad. Sci., 2009.

Research Needs for Wind Resource Characterization, W. Shaw, J. Lundquist and S. Schreck. BAMS, 2009.

Accuracy assessment and correction of Vaisala RS92 radiosonde water vapor measurements, L. Miloshevich, H. Vömel, D. Whiteman and T. Leblanc, JGR, 2009.

Preliminary Analysis of the Characteristics of Precipitable Water Vapor Measured by the Ground-Based 12-Channel Microwave Radiometer in Beijing, H. Liu, Y.C. Wang, J. Wang, J. Li, X. Cao and B. Xiong, CJAS, 2009.

A Neural Network for Real-Time Retrievals of PWV and LWP From Arctic Millimeter-Wave Ground-Based Observations, M. Cadeddu, D. Turner and J. Liljegren, TGRS, 2009.

Progress Towards the Remote Sensing of Aircraft Icing Hazards, A. Reehorst, D. Brinker, M. Politovich, D. Serke, C. Ryerson, A. Pazmany and F. Solheim, NASA T/M, 2009.

Mid-Tropospheric Supercooled Liquid Water Observed by a Microwave Profiler, F. Madonna, F. Russo, E. Dutton, R. Ware and G. Pappalardo, GRL, 2009.

Ground-Based Passive Microwave Profiling during Dynamic Weather Conditions, K. Knupp, R. Ware, D. Cimini, F. Vandenberghe, J. Vivekanandan, E. Westwater and T. Coleman, JAOT, 2009.

Integrating Surface and Upper-Air Observing Systems to Better Understand Meteorological and Air Quality Issues, R. Baxter, D. Lehrman, Dave Bush, Cara Keslar, P. Wiker, D. Breed, K. Underwood, R. Ware, National Air Quality Conference, 2009.

Reference Upper-Air Observations for Climate, D. Seidel, F. Berger, H. Diamond, J. Dykema, D. Goodrich, F. Immler, W. Murray, T. Peterson, D. Sisterson, M. Sommer, P. Thorne, H. Vömel and J. Wang, BAMS, 2009.

The Fog Remote Sensing and Modeling Field Project, I. Gultepe, G. Pearson, J. Milbrandt, B. Hansen, S. Platnick, P. Taylor, M. Gordon, J. Oakley and S. Cober, BAMS, 2009.

An Application of Brightness Temperature Received from a Ground-based Microwave Radiometer to Estimation of Precipitation Occurrences and Rainfall Intensity, H. Y. Won, Y.-H. Kim, and H.-S. Lee, APJAS, 2009.

Columnar water vapor retrievals from multifilter rotating shadowband radiometer data, M. D. Alexandrov, B. Schmid, D. D. Turner, B. Cairns, V. Oinas, A. A. Lacis, S. I. Gutman, E. R. Westwater, A. Smirnov and J. Eilers, JGR, 2009.


Advances in seasonal snow water equivalent (SWE) retrieval using in situ passive microwave measurements over first-year sea ice, A. Langlois and D. G. Barber, IJRS, 2008.

Response of snow thermophysical processes to the passage of a polar low-pressure system and its impact on in situ passive microwave radiometry: A case study, A. Langlois, T. Fisico, D. G. Barber and T. N. Papakyriakou, JGR, 2008.

Estimation of snow water equivalent over first-year sea ice using AMSR-E and surface observations, A. Langlois, R. Scharien, T. Geldsetzer, J. Iacozza, D.G Barber and J. Yackel, RSE, 2008.

Aircraft measurements of the impacts of pollution aerosols on clouds and precipitation over the Sierra Nevada, D. Rosenfeld, W. Woodley, D. Axisa, E. Freud, J. Hudson and A. Givati, JGR, 2008.

Surface-based observation of aerosol indirect effect in the Mid-Atlantic region, Fonya Nzeffe, Everette Joseph, and Qilong Min, 2008.

The temporal evolution of convective indices in storm-producing environments, T. J. Wagner, W. F. Feltz and S. A. Ackerman, AMS, 2008.

Validation of GPS slant delays using water vapour radiometers and weather models, M. Bender, G. Dick, J Wickert, T. Schmidt, S. Song, G. Gendt, M. Ge and M. Rothacher, Meteorologishe Zeitschrift, 2008.

Water vapor and surface observations in northwestern Mexico during the 2004 NAME enhanced period, E. R. Kursinski, R. A. Bennett, D. Gochis, S. I. Gutman, K. L. Holub, R. Mastaler, C. M. Soza, I. M. Soza, and T. van Hove, Geophysical Research Letters, 2008.

Meteorological applications of a surface network of Global Positioning System receivers, S. de Haan, Doctoral Thesis, 2008.

The Operational Mesogamma-Scale Analysis and Forecast System of the U.S. Army Test and Evaluation Command, R. Sharman, Y. Liu, R-S Sheu, T. Warner, D. Rife, J. Bowers, C. Clough and E. Ellison, JAMC, 2008.

Improved Daytime Column-Integrated Precipitable Water Vapor from Vaisala Radiosonde Humidity Sensors, K. Cady-Pereira, M. Shephard, D. Turner, E. Mlawer and S. Clough, JAOT, 2008.

Low-Level Atmospheric Temperature Inversions and Atmospheric Stability: Characteristics and Impacts on Agricultural Applications, B. Fritz; W. Hoffmann; Y. Lan; S. Thomson; Y. Huang, CIGR, 2008.

Impact of Domain Size on Modeled Ozone Forecast for the Northeastern United States, P. Lee, D. Kang, J. McQueen, M. Tsidulko, M. Hart, G. Dimego, N. Seaman and P. Davidson, JAMC, 2008.

A Positive Outlook, N. Ash, Future Airport, 2008.

The development of a shape factor instability index to guide severe weather forecasts for aviation safety, I. Walker, V. Chakrapani and W. Elmahboub, AppMet, 2008.

Using GPS multipath to measure soil moisture fluctuations: initial results, K. Larson, E. Small, E. Gutmann, A. Bilich, P. Axelrad and J. Braun, GPS Solutions, 2008.

REFRACTT 2006 Real-Time Retrieval of High-Resolution, Low-Level Moisture Fields from Operational Nexrad and Research Radars, R. Roberts, F. Fabry, P. Kennedy, E. Nelson, J. Wilson, N. Rehak, J. Fritz, V. Chandrasekar, J. Braun, J. Sun, S. Ellis, S. Reising, T. Crum, L. Mooney, R. Palmer, T. Weckwerth and S. Padmanabhan, BAMS, 2008.

Microwave and Millimeter-Wave Radiometric and Radiosonde Observations in an Arctic Environment, V. Mattioli, E. Westwater, D. Cimini, A. Gasiewski, M. Klein and V. Leuski, JAOT, 2008.

Observations of Attenuation Due to Liquid-bearing Stratocumulus Clouds over Ottawa Using a Ground-Based Profiling Radiometer, P. Bouchard, Microrad, 2008.

Implementation of a ray-tracing operator for ground-based GPS Slant Delay observation modeling, R. Eresmaa, S. Healy, H. Jarvinen and K. Salonen, JGR, 2008.

Systematic Differences in Aircraft and Radiosonde Temperatures, Implications for NWP and Climate Studies, B. Ballish and V. Kumar, BAMS, 2008.

The Temporal Evolution of Convective Indices in Storm-Producing Environments, T. Wagner W. Feltz and S. Ackerman, WAF, 2008.

Development and optimization of the IPM MM5 GPS slant path 4DVAR system, F. Zus, M. Grzeschik, H.-S. Bauer, V. Wulfmeyer, G. Dick and M. Bender, Met. Zeit, 2008.

Use of GPS receivers as a soil moisture network for water cycle studies, K. Larson, E. Small, E. Gutmann, A. Bilich, J. Braun, V. Zavorotny, GRL, 2008.

Improved 1D-Var Assimilation Retrieval of Temperature and Humidity From the Ground-Based Microwave Radiometer Data, Observations Department, Japan Meteorological Agency, 2008.

Advances in Continuously Profiling the Thermodynamic State of the Boundary Layer: Integration of Measurements and Methods, U. Loehnert, S. Crewell, O. Krasnov, E. O’Connor, H. Russchenberg, JAOT, 2008.

The Convective and Orographically Induced Precipitation Study, V. Wulfmeyer et al., BAMS, 2008.

Distribution of tropospheric water vapor in clear and cloudy conditions from microwave radiometric profiling, A. Iassamen, H. Sauvegeot, N. Jeannin and S. Ameur, JAMC, 2008.

Retrieval of 3-D Water Vapor Field Using a Network of Scanning Compact Microwave Radiometers, S. Padmanabhan, S. Reising and J. Vivekanandan, IGARSS, 2008.

Comparison of Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer nadir water vapor retrievals with in situ measurements, M. Shephard et al., JGR, 2008.

Determination of Richardson number profile from remote sensing data and its aviation application, P.W. Chan, 14th Int. Symp. Boundary Layer Remote Sensing, 2008.

Application of microwave radiometer and wind profiler data in the estimation of wind gust associated with intense convective weather, P.W. Chan and K.H. Wong, 14th Int. Symp. Boundary Layer Remote Sensing, 2008.

Temperature profiles by ground-based remote sensing and in situ measurements, S. Argentini, I. Pietroni, C. Gariazzo, A. Conidi, G. Mastrantonio, A. Pelliccioni, I. Petenko, A. Viola and A. Amicarelli, 14th Int. Symp. Boundary Layer Remote Sensing, 2008.

A focus on Mixed-Phase Clouds, The Status of Ground-Based Observational Methods, M. Shupe, J. Daniel, G. de Boer, E. Eloranta, P. Kollias, C. Long, E. Luke, D. Turner and J. Verlinde, BAMS, 2008.

Detection of Fog and Low Cloud Boundaries with Ground-Based Remote Sensing Systems, D. Nowak, D. Ruffiieu, J. Agnew and L. Vuilleumier, JAOT, 2008.

High time resolution boundary layer description using combined remote sensing instruments, C. Gaffard, J. Nash, E. Walker, T. Hewison, J. Jones and E. Norton, AnnGeo, 2008.

Taming the Sky, J. Qiu and D. Cressey, Nature, 2008.

Japanese Cloud Seeding Experiments for Precipitation Augmentation (JCSEPA), M. Murakami, 17th Conf. Planned and Inadvertent Weather Modification, 2008.

Validating Mixed-Phase Cloud Optical Depth Retrieved From Infrared Observations With High Spectral Resolution Lidar, D. Turner and E. Eloranta, IGRS, 2008.

Systematic Errors in Global Radiosonde Precipitable Water Data from Comparisons with Ground-Based GPS Measurements, J. Wang and L. Zhang, J. Climate, 2008.

Comparison of ground-based millimeter-wave observations in the Arctic winter, D. Cimini, F. Nasir, E. Westwater, V. Payne, D. Turner, E. Mlawer and M. Exner, TGARS, 2008.

Historical Records of Asian Dust Events, (Hwangsa) in Korea, Y. Chun, H.K. Cho, H.S. Chung and M. Lee, BAMS, 2008.

The Snowy Precipitation Enhancement Research Project: A Description and Preliminary Results, A. Huggins, S. Kenyon, L. Warren, A. Peace, S. Bilish and M. Manton, JWM, 2008.

Guide to Meteorological Instruments and Methods of Observation, WMO-No. 8, Seventh Edition, 2008.

Correction for Radiation Dry Bias Found in RS92 Radiosonde Data during the MISMO Field Experiment, K. Yoneyama, M. Fujita, N. Sato, M. Fujiwara, Y. Inai and F. Hasebe, SOLA, 2008.

The COSMIC/FORMOSAT-3 Mission, Early Results, R. Anthes et al., BAMS (cover article) 2008.

The Effect of Dynamics on Mixed-Phase Clouds: Theoretical Considerations, A. Korolev and P. Field, JAS, 2008.

Implementation of the WRF Model for the Dubai International Airport Aviation Weather Decision Support System, B. Shaw, P. Spencer, R. Carpenter and C. Barrere, 13th Conf. Aviation, Range, and Aerospace Met., AMS, 2008.

An Aviation Weather Decision Support System (AWDSS) for the Dubai International Airport, C. Barrere , M. Eilts, J. Johnson, R. Fritchie, P. Spencer, B. Shaw, Y. Li, W. Ladwig, R. Schudalia and D. Mitchell, 13th Conf. Aviation, Range, and Aerospace Met., AMS, 2008.

DAQEM Southwest Desert / Las Vegas Ozone Transport Study (SLOTS), Final Report, D. Bush, R. Baxter, W. Knuth, D. Lehrman and D. Yoho, 2008.


On the long-term stability of microwave radiometers using noise diodes for calibration, S. Brown, S. Desai, . Lu and A. Tanner, TGRS, 2007.

Atmospheric media calibration for the Deep Space Network, Y. Bar-Sever, C. Jacobs, S. Keihm, G. Lanyi, C. Naudet, H. Rosenberger, T. Runge, A. Tanner, and Y. Vigue-Rodi, IEEE, 2007.

On the winter evolution of snow thermophysical properties over land-fast first-year sea ice, A. Langlois, C. J. Mundy and D.G. Barber, HP, 2007.

Passive microwave remote sensing of seasonal snow-covered sea ice, A. Langlois and D.G. Barber, PPG, 2007.

Development of a winter snow water equivalent algorithm using in situ passive microwave radiometry over snow-covered first-year sea ice, A. Langlois, D.G. Barber and B.J. Hwang, RSE, 2007.

Preface to special section on east Asian studies of tropospheric aerosols: an international regional experiment (EAST-AIRIE), Z. Li, et al, JGR, 2007.

Intercomparison of integrated water vapor estimates from multisensors in the Amazonian region, L. F. Sapucci, L. A. T. Machado, J. F. G. Monico, and A. Plana-Fattori, JAOT, 2007.

1D-VAR retrieval of temperature and humidity profiles from a ground-based microwave radiometer, T. Hewison, TGARS, 2007.

Thin Liquid Water Clouds, Their Importance and Our Challenge, D. Turner et al., BAMS, 2007.

Another Wintertime Cloud Seeding Case Study with Strong Evidence of Seeding Effects, A. Huggins, JWM, 2007.

Application of Microwave Radiometry to Improving Climate Data Records, J. Liljegren, M. Cadeddu, AMS Confex, 2007.

The Mixed-Phase Arctic Cloud Experiment, J. Verlinde et al., BAMS, 2007.

Analysis of Relative Humidity Sensors at the WMO Radiosonde Intercomparison Experiment in Brazil, L. Sapucci, T. Machado, R. Silveira, G. Fisch and J. Monico, JAOT, 2007.

Retrieval of moisture from GPS slant-path water vapor observations using 3DVAR and its impact on the prediction of convection initiation and precipitation, H. Liu, Doctoral Thesis, 2007.

Angle-of-arrival anemometry by means of a large-aperture Schmidt-Cassegrain telescope equipped with a CCD camera, Y. Cheon, V. Hohreiter, M. Behn and A. Muschinski, JOSA, 2007.

A near-global, 2-hourly data set of atmospheric precipitable water from ground-based GPS measurements, J. Wang, L. Zhang, A. Dai, T. Van Hove and J. Van Baelen, JGR, 2007.

The Impact of Simulated High-Resolution Surface Observations for Convective Storms with Ensemble Kalman Filter, J. Dong, M. Xue and K. Droegemeier, AMS NWP Conf., 2007.

Boundary layer observations in West Africa using a novel microwave radiometer, B. Pospichal and S. Crewell, Met. Zeit, 2007.

Radiation Dry Bias of the Vaisala RS92 Humidity Sensor, H. Vömel, H. Selkirk, L. Miloshevich, J. Valverde-Canossa, J. Valdes, E. Kyro, R. Kivi, W. Stolz, G. Peng and J. Diaz, JAOT, 2007.

Measurements and Retrievals from a New 183-GHz Water Vapor Radiometer in the Arctic, M. Cadeddu, J. Liljegren and A. Pazmany, TGARS, 2007.

Effect of the Oxygen Line-Parameter Modeling on Temperature and Humidity Retrievals From Ground-Based Microwave Radiometers, M. Cadeddu, V. Payne, S. Clough, K. Cady-Pereira, and J. Liljegren, TGRS, 2007.

An assessment of Multiangle Imaging Spectroradiometer (MISR) stereo-derived cloud top heights and cloud top winds using ground-based radar, lidar, and microwave radiometers, R. Marchand, T. Ackerman and C. Moroney, JGR, 2007.

Diagnosing the Intercept Parameter for Exponential Raindrop Size Distribution on Video Disdrometer Observations, G. Zhang, M. Xue, Q. Cao and D.Dawson, AMS NWP Conf., 2007.

The Sensitivity of Convective Initiation to the Lapse Rate of the Active Cloud-Bearing Layer, A. Houston, D. Niyogi, MWR, 2007.

Prediction of the Timing of Convective Initiation along a Dryline in a High-Resolution Model, W. Martin and M. Xue, AMS NWP Conf., 2007.

Recent Japanese Research on Orographic Snow Cloud Modification for Water Resources Augmentation, M. Murikami, WMA Annual Meeting, 2007.

Spatial representativeness of single tower measurements and the imbalance problem with eddy-covariance fluxes: results of a large-eddy simulation study, G. Steinfeld, M. Letzel, S. Raasch, M. Kanda and A. Inagaki, Boundary Layer Meteorology, 2007.

Preconditions to ground based GPS water vapour tomography, M. Bender and A. Raabe, Annal. Geophys., 2007.

CAPS Realtime Storm-Scale Ensemble and High-Resolution Forecasts as Part of the NOAA Hazardous Weather Testbed 2007 Spring Experiment, M. Xue et al., AMS NWP Conf., 2007.

Accuracy assessment of an integrated profiling technique for operationally deriving profiles of temperature, humidity, and cloud liquid water, U. Loehnert, E. van Meijgaard, H. Klein Baltink, S. Gross and R. Boers, JGR, 2007.

The Snowy Precipitation Enhancement Research Project, M. Heggli, B. Dunn, A. Huggins, J. Denholm, L. Angri and T. Luker, AMS Conf. Weather Mod., 2007.

Improved ground-based liquid water path retrievals using a combined infrared and microwave approach, D. Turner, JGR, 2007.

Limitations of the Wegener-Bergeron-Findeisen Mechanism in the Evolution of Mixed-Phase Clouds, A. Korolev, JAM, 2007.

Retrieving Liquid Water Path and Precipitable Water Vapor From the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Microwave Radiometers, D. Turner, S. Clough, J. Liljegren, E. Clothiaux, K. Cady-Pereira and K. Gaustad, TGRS, 2007.

A Refined Two-Channel Microwave Radiometer Liquid Water Path Retrieval for Cold Regions by Using Multiple-Sensor Measurements, Z. Wang, GRS, 2007.

Accuracy of Boundary Layer Temperature Profiles Retrieved With Multifrequency Multiangle Microwave Radiometry, S. Crewell and U. Loehnert, TGRS, 2007.

Ground-Based Millimeter and Submillimeter Wave Observations of Low Vapor and Liquid Water Contents, D. Cimini, E. Westwater, A. Gasiewski, M. Klein, V. Leuski and J. Liljegren, TGARS, 2007.

The Ground-Based Scanning Radiometer: A Powerful Tool for Study of the Arctic Atmosphere, D. Cimini, E. Westwater, A. Gasiewski, M. Klein, V. Leuski and S. Dowlatshahi, TGARS, 2007.

Multiview Cloud-Top Height and Wind Retrieval with Photogrammetric Methods:Application to Meteosat-8 HRV Observations, G. Seiz, S. Tjemkes and P. Watts, JAMC, 2007.

Characteristics of the Atmosphere Remote Sensed by the Ground-Based 12-Channel Radiometer, H. Liu, J. Li, X. Cao and G. Xiong, China Academic Journal, 2007.

Analysis of Radiosonde and Ground-Based Remotely Sensed PWV Data from the 2004 North Slope of Alaska Arctic Winter Radiometric Experiment, V. Mattioli, E. Westwater, D. Cimini, J. Liljegren, B. Lesht, S. Gutman and F. Schmidlin, JAOT, 2007.

In situ measurements of liquid water content profiles in midlatitude stratiform clouds, A. Korolev, G. Isaac, W. Strapp, S. Cober and H. Barker, Q.J. Roy. Met. Soc., 2007.

Characteristics of the Atmosphere Remote Sensed by the Ground-Based 12-Channel Radiometer, H. Liu, J. Li, X. Cao and B. Xiong, Remote Sensing Technology and Application, 2007.


Combining data from ground-based microwave radiometers and other instruments in temperature and humidity profile retrievals, T. Hewison and C. Gaffard, WMO-TECO, 2006.

Aircraft validation of clear air absorption models at millimeter wavelengths (89-183 GHz), T. J. Hewison, JGR, 2006.

Profiling temperature and humidity by ground-based microwave radiometers, T. J. Hewison, PhD dissertation, University of Reading, 2006.

United States Patent (No. US 7,145,499 B2), R. Ware, F. Solheim and M. Exner, United States Patent Office, 2006.

Retrieval of Moisture from Slant-Path Water Vapor Observations of a Hypothetical GPS Network Using a Three-Dimensional Variational Scheme with Anisotropic Background Error, H. Liu and M. Xue, MWR, 2006.

1D-VAR retrieval of temperature and humidity profiles from ground-based microwave radiometers, T. Hewison, TGARS, 2006.

Remote Sensing System for Urban Heat Island Study, A. Ivanov A., E. Kadygrov E. and E. Miller, TECO, 2006.

Radiative Transfer Studies in Support of Improvements to Radiometrics, Inc. Model TP/WVP-3000 Retrievals, J. Vivekanandan, G. Zhang and M. Politovich, NASA Final Report, 2006.

Meteorological and environmental aspects of one of the worst national air pollution episodes (January, 2004) in Logan, Cache Valley, Utah, USA, E. Malek, T. Davis R. Martin, P. Silva, Atmos. Res., 2006.

Improvements in the Upper-Air Observation Systems in Japan, M. Ishihara, M. Chiba, Y. Izumikawa, N. Kinoshita and N. Tsukamoto, WMO TECO 2006.

Combining Data from Ground-Based Microwave Radiometers and Other Instruments in Temperature and Humidity Profile Retrievals, T. Hewison and C. Gaffard, WMO TECO 2006.

Statistics on Low-Lying Liquid and Liquid-Dominant Mixed-Phase Clouds over Ottawa, P. Bouchard and D. Rogers, EuCap 2006.

Humidity Evaluation using GPS, Radiometer, Wind Profiler and UV Lidar during CSIP Associated with Thunderstorms, J. Nash, C. Gaffard, T. Hewison, E. Norton, J. Agnew, E. Walker, J. Jones, M. Smees, M. Ramatschi and G. Dick, COST720 Final Symp., 2006.

Comparison of Balloonsonde and Remote Sensing Atmospheric Measurements, D. Brinker, A. Reehorst and J. Power, NASA T/M, 2006.

Aircraft validation of clear air absorption models at millimeter wavelengths (89-183 GHz), T. Hewison, JGR, 2006.

Progress in the Development of Practical Remote Detection of Icing Conditions, A. Reehorst, M. Politovich, S. Zednik, G. Isaac and S. Cober, NASA T/M, 2006.

Observational Analysis of a Gust Front to Bore to Solitary Wave Transition within an Evolving Nocturnal Boundary Layer, K. Knupp, JAS, 2006.

Impact of Cloud Model Microphysics on Passive Microwave Retrievals of Cloud Properties. Part I: Model Comparison Using EOF Analyses, M. Biggerstaff, E.. Seo, S.Hristova-Veleva and K. Kim, JAMC, 2006.

New dual-frequency microwave technique for retrieving liquid water path over land, M. Deeter and J. Vivekanandan, JGR, 2006.

Impact of Cloud Model Microphysics on Passive Microwave Retrievals of Cloud Properties. Part II: Uncertainty in Rain, Hydrometeor Structure,and Latent Heating Retrievals, E. Seo and M. Biggerstaff, JAMC, 2006.

Mobile Integrated Profiler System (MIPS) Observations of Low-Level Convergent Boundaries during IHOP, H. Karan and K. Knupp, MWR, 2006.

Doppler Profiler and Radar Observations of Boundary Layer Variability during the Landfall of Tropical Storm Gabrielle, K. Knupp, J. Walters and M. Biggerstaff, JAS, 2006.

Vertical motions in precipitation bands in three winter cyclones, M. Cronce, R. Rauber, K. Knupp, B. Jewett, J. Walters and D. Phillips, JAMC, 2006.

Temperature and humidity profile retrievals from ground-based microwave radiometers during TUC, D. Cimini, T. Hewison, L. Martin, J. Güldner, C. Gaffard and F. Marzano, Met. Zeit., 2006.

The COST 720 Temperature, Humidity, and Cloud Profiling Campaign: TUC, D. Ruffieux, J. Nash, P. Jeannet and J. Agnew, Met. Zeit., 2006.

Combining UHF radar wind profiler and microwave radiometer for the estimation of atmospheric humidity profiles, V. Klaus, L. Bianco, C. Gaffard, M. Matabuena and T. Hewison, Met. Zeit., 2006.

Intercomparison of integrated water vapour measurements, L. Martin, C. Matzler, T. Hewison and D. Ruffieux, Met. Zeit., 2006.

Ground-based Microwave Radiometry for Humidity and Temperature Profiling: Current Status and Future Outlook, S. Reising, COST 720, 2006.

Validating clear air absorption models using ground-based microwave radiometers and vice-versa, T. Hewison, D. Cimini, L. Martin, C. Gaffard and J. Nash, Met. Zeit., 2006.

Evaluation of daytime measurements of aerosols and water vapor made by an operational Raman lidar over the Southern Great Plains, R. Ferrare, D. Turner, M. Clayton, B. Schmid, J. Redemann, D. Covert, R. Elleman, J. Ogren, E.h Andrews, J. Goldsmith, and H. Jonsson, JGR, 2006.

Absolute accuracy of water vapor measurements from six operational radiosonde types launched during AWEX-G and implications for AIRS validation, L. Miloshevich, H. Vömel, D. Whiteman, B.Lesht, F. Schmidlin and F. Russo, JGR, 2006.

Comparison of brightness temperatures observed from ground-based microwave radiometers during TUC, D. Cimini, T. Hewison and L. Martin, Met. Zeit., 2006.

1D-VAR Retrieval of Temperature and Humidity Profiles from Ground-based Microwave Radiometers, T. Hewison and C. Gaffard, MicroRad, 2006.


Evaluation of three-beam and four-beam profiler wind measurement techniques using a five-beam wind profiler and collocated meteorological tower, A. Adachi, T. Kobayashi, K. Gage, D. Carter, L. Hartten, W. Clark and M. Fukuda, JAOT, 2005.

Atmospheric water vapor and geoid measurements in the open ocean with GPS, C. Rocken, J. Johnson, T. V. Hove and T. Iwabuchi, GRL, 2005.

Analysis of radiosonde measurements by ground and satellite based simultaneous observations during the Water Vapor IOP 2004 experiment, D. Cimini, E.R. Westwater, V. Mattioli, A. J. Gasiewski, M. Klein, F. Romano and V. Cuomo, ITSC14, 2005.

 Formation, evolution, and dissipation of coastal sea fog, D. Koračin, J. A. Businger, C. L. Dorman and J. M. Lewis, Boundary-Layer Meteorology, 2005.

Analysis of relative humidity sensors at the WMO radiosonde intercomparison experiment in Brazil, L. F. Sapucci, L. A. T. Machado, R. B. Da Silveira, G. Fisch, and J. F. G. Monico, JAOT, 2005.

3DVAR retrieval of 3D moisture field from slant-path water vapor observations of high-resolution hypothetical GPS network, H. Liu and M. Xue, AMS NWP Conf., 2005.

GPS water vapour tomography: preliminary results from the ESCOMPTE field experiment, C. Champollion, F. Massona, M.Bouin, A. Walpersdorf, E. Doerflinger, O. Bock and J. Van Baelen, Atmos. Res., 2005.

Monitoring of rainfall by ground-based passive microwave systems: models, measurements and applications, F. Marzano, D. Cimini and R. Ware, Adv. Geosci., 2005.

Improved algorithm for detecting cloud layers and amounts using retrievals from a surface-based multifrequency profiling radiometer, P. Bouchard, SPIE 2005.

Comparison of GPS radio occultation soundings with radiosondes, Y.-H. Kuo, W. Schreiner, J. Wang, D. Rossiter and Y. Zhang, JGR, 2005.

Monitoring the quality of global radiosonde humidity data using ground ground-based GPS measurements, J. Wang and L. Zhang, NCAR Report, 2005.

A Sequential Variational Analysis Approach for Mesoscale Data Assimilation, Y. Xie, S. Koch, J. McGinley, S. Albers and N. Wang, AMS NWP Conf., 2005.

60-GHz oxygen band: precise broadening and central frequencies of fine-structure lines, absolute absorption profile at atmospheric pressure, and revision of mixing coefficients, M. Tretyakova, M. Kosheleva, V. Dorovskikha, D. Makarova and P. Rosenkranz, JMS, 2005.

Measurement of Low Amounts of Precipitable Water Vapor Using Ground-Based Millimeterwave Radiometry, P. Racette, E. Westwater, Y. Han, A. Gasiewski, M. Klein, D. Cimini, D. Jones, W. Manning, E. Kim, J. Wang, V. Leuski and P. Kiedron, JAOT, 2005.

Radiosonde Daytime Biases and Late-20th Century Warming, S. Sherwood, J. Lanzante, C. Meyer, Science, 2005.

Comparisons of 7-Year Radiosonde Data from Two Neighboring Stations and Estimation of Random Error Variances for Four Types of Radiosondes, J. Wang and K. Young, SMOI, 2005.

3DVAR Retrieval of 3D Moisture Field from Slant-path Water Vapor Observations of a High-resolution Hypothetical GPS Network, H. Liu and M. Xue, AMS NWP Conf., 2005.

Retrieval of Moisture from GPS Slant-path Water Vapor Observations using 3DVAR with Isotropic and Anisotropic Recursive Filters, H. Liu, M. Xue, R. Purser and D. Parrish, AMS NWP Conf., 2005.

Microwave and Millimeter Wave Forward Modeling Results from the 2004 North Slope of Alaska Arctic Winter Radiometric Experiment, E. Westwater, D. Cimini, M. Klein, V. Leuski, V. Mattioli, A. Gasiewski, S. Dowlatshahi, J. Liljegren, B. Lesht and J. Shaw, ARM-STM, 2005.

First Results from the Alliance Icing Research Study II, G. Isaac, J. Ayers, M. Bailey, L. Bissonnette, B. Bernstein, S. Cober, N. Driedger, W. Evans, F. Fabry, A. Glazer, I. Gultepe, J. Hallett, D. Hudak, A. Korolev, D. Marcotte, P. Minnis, J. Murray, L. Nguyen, T. Ratvasky, A. Reehorst, J. Reid, P. Rodriguez, T. Schneider, B. Sheppard, W. Strapp, and M. Wolde, AIAA, 2005.

Modeling and Measurement of Rainfall by Ground-Based Multispectral Microwave Radiometry, F. Marzano, D. Cimini, P. Ciotti and R. Ware, TGARS, 2005.

Analysis of CLIWA-NET intensive operation period data as part of the monitoring activities at the German Meteorological Service site Lindenberg, J. Güldner and J. Leps, Atmos. Res., 2005.

Correlations Between Slant Wet Delays Measured by Microwave Radiometry, T. Nilsson and L. Gradinarsky, TGARS, 2005.

Combining Microwave Radiometer and Wind Profiler Radar Measurements for High-Resolution Atmospheric Humidity Profiling, L. Bianco, D. Cimini, F. Marzano and R. Ware, JAOT, 2005.

Improving the Usefulness of Operational Radiosonde Data, I. Durre, D. Carlson, J. Christy, M. Uddstrom, M. Gelman and P. Thorne, BAMS, 2005.

Monitoring and Observation of Föhn Wind in Hong Kong Using a Multi-Channel, Ground-Based Microwave Radiometer, P.W. Chan, MAP, 2005.

Performance and Application of a Multi-wavelength, Ground-based Microwave Radiometer in Rain Nowcasting, P.W. Chan and C.M. Tam, AMS IOAS-AOLS, 2005.

Principles of Surface-based Microwave and Millimeter wave Radiometric Remote Sensing of the Troposphere, E. Westwater, S. Crewell, C. Mäztler and D. Cimini, Quaderni Soc. Ital. Elettromag, 2005.

Ship-based liquid water path estimates in marine stratocumulus, P. Zuidema, E. Westwater , C. Fairall and D. Hazen, JGR, 2005.

NASA Icing Remote Sensing System Comparisons from AIRS II, A. Reehorst, D. Brinker and T. Ratvasky, AIAA, 2005.

Comparison of MM5 integrated water vapor with microwave radiometer, GPS, and radiosonde measurements, A. Memmo, E. Fionda, T. Paolucci, D. Cimini, R. Ferretti, S. Bonafoni, and P. Ciotti, TGR, 2005.


The Baltex Bridge Campaign: An Integrated Approach for a Better Understanding of Clouds, S. Crewell, H. Bloemink, A. Feijt, S. G. Garcia, D. Jolivet, O. A. Krasnov, A. Van Lammeren, U. Loehnert, E. Van Meijgaard, J. Meywerk, M. Quante, K. Pfeilsticker, S. Schmidt, T. Scholl, C. Simmer, M. Schroeder, T. Trautmann, V. Venema, M. Wendisch and U. Willen, BAMS, 2004.

The Bow Echo and MCV Experiment, C. Davis, N. Atkins, D. Bartels, L. Bosart, M. Coniglio, G. Bryan, W. Cotton, D. Dowell, B. Jewett, R. Johns, D. Jorgensen, J. Knievel, K. Knupp, W-C. Lee, G. Mcfarquhar, J. Moore, R. Przybylinski, R. Rauber, B. Smull, R. Trapp, S. Trier, R. Wakimoto, Morris Weisman and Conrad Ziegler, BAMS, 2004.

Remote Sensing of Atmospheric Water Vapor with the Global Positioning System, J. Braun, Doctoral Thesis, 2004.

The Structure, Evolution and Cloud Processes of a Colorado Upslope Storm as Shown by Profiling Radiometer, Radar and Tower Data, P. Herzegh, S. Landolt and T. Schneider, AMS NWP Conf., 2004.

Atmospheric Microwave Radiative Models Study Based on Ground-Based Multichannel Radiometer Observations in the 20-60 GHz Band, D. Cimini, F. Marzano, P. Ciotti, D. Cimini, E. Westwater, Y. Han, S. Keihm and R. Ware, 14th ARM Sci. Team Meet., 2004.

An Integrated Approach toward Retrieving Physically Consistent Profiles of Temperature, Humidity, and Cloud Liquid Water, U. Loehnert, S. Crewell and C. Simmer, JAM, 2004.

The NASA Icing Remote Sensing System, A. Reehorst, D. Brinker, T. Ratvasky, C. Ryerson and G. Koenig, AMS ARAM, 2004.

The Effect of the Half-Width of the 22-GHz Water Vapor Line on Retrievals of Temperature and Water Vapor Profiles with a Twelve-Channel Microwave Radiometer, J. Liljegren, S. Boukabara, K. Cady-Pereira and S. Clough, TGARS, 2004.

Comparison of In Situ Humidity Data from Aircraft, Dropsonde, and Radiosonde, A. Vance, J. Taylor, T. Hewison and J. ELMS, JAOT, 2004.

Preliminary Results with the Twelve-Channel Microwave Radiometer Profiler at the North Slope of Alaska Climate Research Facility, J. Liljegren and B. Lesht, 14th ARM Sci. Team Meet., 2004.

The Value of Wind Profiling Data in U.S. Weather Forecasting, S. Benjamin, B. Schwartz, E. Szoke and S. Koch, BAMS, 2004.

Ground-Based Microwave radiometer Measurements during Precipitation, R. Ware, D. Cimini, P. Herzegh, F. Marzano, J. Vivekanandan and E. Westwater, MicroRad, 2004.

Design and Test of the Ground-Based L-Band Radiometer for Estimating Water in Soils (LEWIS), F. Lemaître, J.-C. Poussière, Y. Kerr, M. Dèjus, R. Durbe, P. de Rosnay, and J.-C. Calvet, TGRS, 2004.

Monitoring Inversions From Ground-Based Remote Sensing Instruments During Temperature, Humidity, And Cloud Profiling Campaign (TUC), T. Hewison, C. Gaffard and J. Nash, MicroRad 2004.

Modeling and Measurement of Rainfall by Ground-Based Multispectral Microwave Radiometry, F. Marzano, D. Cimini, P. Ciotti and R. Ware, TGARS, 2004.

Forward Model Studies of Water Vapor using Scanning Microwave Radiometers, Global Positioning System, and Radiosondes during the Cloudiness Inter-Comparison Experiment, V. Mattioli, E. Westwater, S. Gutman and V. Morris, TGARS, 2004.

Synergy between wind profilers and multifrequency microwave radiometers for tropospheric humidity profiling, L. Bianco, D. Cimini, R. Ware and F. Marzano, ERAD 2004.

Statistical study on Precipitable Water Content Variations Observed with Ground-Based Microwave Radiometers, K. Aonashi, T. Iwabuchi, Y. Shoji, R. Ohtani and R. Ichikawa, J. Met. Soc. Jap., 2004.

A Review of Surface-Based Microwave and Millimeter-Wave Radiometric Remote Sensing of the Troposphere, E. Westwater, S. Crewell and C. Mätzler, Rad. Sci. Bull., 2004.

Mesoscale Variational Assimilation of Profiling Radiometer Data, T. Nehrkorn, C. Grassotti and R. Ware, 16th Conf. on NWP, AMS, 2004.

Improved Retrievals of Temperature and Water Vapor Profiles with a Twelve-Channel Radiometer, J. Liljegren, 8th IOAS-AOLS, AMS, 2004.

The 2004 North Slope of Alaska Arctic Winter Radiometric Experiment, E. R. Westwater,  M. A. Klein,  V. Leuski,  A. J. Gasiewski, T. Uttal, D. A. Hazen,  D. Cimini,  V.  Mattioli,  B. L. Weber, S. Dowlatshahi, J. A. Shaw, J. C., Liljegren,  B. M. Lesht,  and B. D. Zak, Fourteenth ARM Science Team Meeting Proceedings, March 2004.

Weather modification: finding common ground, M. Garstag, R. Bruintjes, R. Serafin, H. Orville, B. Boe, W. Cotton, and J. Warburton, BAMS, 2004.


Thermodynamic and wind profiling for high-resolution dispersion, precipitation and fog forecasting, R. Ware, F. Solheim and F. Vandenberghe, SPIE, 2003.

Design and performance of a high-stability water vapor radiometer, Alan B. Tanner and A. Lance Riley, Radio Science, 2003.

The Arm Program’s Water Vapor Intensive Observation Periods: Overview, Initial Accomplishments and Future Challenges, H. Revercomb, D. Turner, D. Tobin, R. Knuteson, W. Feltz, J. Barnard, J. Boesenberg, S. Clough, D. Cook, R. Ferrare, J. Goldsmith, S. Gutman, R. Halthore, B. Lesht, J. Liljegren, H. Linne, J. Michalsky, V. Morris, W. Porch, S. Richardson, B. Schmid, M. Splitt, T. Van Hove, E. Westwater and D. Whiteman, BAMS, 2003.

Investigation of atmospheric boundary layer temperature, turbulence, and wind parameters on the basis of passive microwave remote sensing, E. Kadygrov, G. Shur and A. Viazankin, Rad. Sci., 2003.

One-Dimensional Variational Retrievals from SSMIS-Simulated Observations, G. Deblonde and S. English, JAM, 2003.

Continuous Thermodynamic Profiling for Improved Short Term Weather Forecasting, R. Ware and F. Vandenberghe, IGARSS, 2003.

Real-Time Water Vapor Sensing with SuomiNet – Today and Tomorrow, R. Ware, J. Braun, S.-Y. Ha, D. Hunt, Y.-H. Kuo, C. Rocken, M. Sleziak, T. Van Hove, J. Weber and R. Anthes, International GPSMET Workshop, Tsukuba, Japan, 2003.

Critical Issues in Weather Modification Research, National Research Council, 2003.

Development of Icing Condition Remote Sensing Systems and their Implications for Future Flight Operations, A. Reehorst and M. Politovich, SAE International, 2003.

Radiometrics MP3000 Microwave Radiometer Performance Assessment, T. Hewison and C. Gaffard, UK Met Office Tech. Rep.,2003.

An assessment of microwave absorption models and retrievals of cloud liquid water using clear-sky data, R. Marchand, T. Ackerman, E. Westwater, S. Clough, K. Cady-Pereira and J. Liljegren, JGR, 2003.

Toward the Combination of Active and Passive Remote Sensors for Temperature and Humidity Profiling, C. Gaffard, T. Hewison and J. Nash, ISTP, 2003.

Ground-Based Radiometric Profiling during Dynamic Weather Conditions, R. Ware, P. Herzegh, F. Vandenberghe, J. Vivekanandan, and E. Westwater, ISTP, 2003.

Radiosonde Humidity Soundings and Microwave Radiometers during Nauru99, E. Westwater, B. Stankov, D. Cimini, Y. Han, J. Shaw, B. Lesht and C. Long, JAOT, 2003.

Comparison of Water Vapour Profiles Measured Using a Raman Lidar and a Microwave Radiometer at Chilbolton Observatory, UK, J. Agnew and T. Hewison, UK Met Office Report, 2003.

Modelling and measurement of rainfall by ground-based multispectral microwave radiometry, F. Marzano, D. Cimini, R. Ware, E. Fionda and P. Ciotti, Achieving Tech. Innov. Flood Forecast. (ACTIF), 2003.

Dry Bias and Variability in Vaisala RS80-H Radiosondes: The ARM Experience, D. Turner, B. Lesht, A. Clough, J. Liljegren, H. Revercomb and D. Tobin, JAOT, 2003.

Performance of operational radiosonde humidity sensors in direct comparison with a chilled mirror dew-point hygrometer and its climate implication, J. Wang, D. Carlson, D. Parsons, T. Hock, D. Lauritsen, H. Cole, K. Beierle and E. Chamberlain, GRL, 2003.

Variational Assimilation of Slant-Path Wet Delay Measurements from a Hypothetical Ground-Based GPS Network. Part I: Comparison with Precipitable Water Assimilation, S-Y. Ha, Y.-H Kuo, Y.-R, Guo, MWR, 2003.

Supersaturation of Water Vapor in Clouds, A. Korolev and I. Mazin, JAS, 2003.

Comparisons of Line-of-Sight Water Vapor Observations Using the Global Positioning System and a Pointing Microwave Radiometer, J. Braun, C. Rocken and J. Liljegren, JAOT, 2003.

Accuracy of Ground-Based Microwave Radiometer and Balloon-Borne Measurements During the WVIOP2000 Field Experiment, D. Cimini, E. Westwater, Y. Han and S. Keihm, TGARS, 2003.

Improved Retrievals of Temperature and Water Vapor Profiles using a 12-Channel Microwave Radiometer, J. Liljegren, ARM Ann. Sci. Meet., 2003.

Progress in Improving Upper Air Moisture Measurements over the UK, J. Nash, T. Oakley and C. Gaffard, 12th SMOI, AMS, 2003.

A multi-channel radiometric profiler of temperature, humidity and cloud liquid, R. Ware, F. Solheim, R. Carpenter, J. Güldner, J. Liljegren, T. Nehrkorn and F. Vandenberghe, Rad. Sci., 2003.

Accuracy of cloud liquid water path from ground-based microwave radiometry 1. Dependency on cloud model statistics, U. Loehnert and S. Crewell, Rad. Sci., 2003.

Diurnal Variation in Water Vapor and Liquid Water Profiles from a New Microwave Radiometer Profiler, J. Wang, A. Dai, D. Carlson, R. Ware and J. Liljegren, 6th SIOS, AMS, 2003.

GPS Surveying Error Induced by Water Vapor, R. Ware, in GPS Satellite Surveying (A. Leick, editor), 2003.


Wind radar, microwave profiler, and GPS data fusion for mesoscale modeling, R. Ware, ARL Report, 2002.

4-dimensional variational assimilation of ground-based microwave observations during a winter fog event, F. Vandenberghe and R. Ware, International Symposium on Atmospheric Sensing with GPS, 2002.

Monitoring high-temporal-resolution convective stability indices using the ground-based atmospheric emitted radiance interferometer (AERI) during the 3 May 1999 Oklahoma-Kansas tornado outbreak,  W. Feltz and J. Mecikalski, AMS, 2002.

A lightning prediction index that utilizes GPS integrated precipitable water vapor, R. Mazany,  S. Businger, S. I. Gutman, W. Roeder, Weather and Forecasting, 2002.

Evaluation of a New Multi-Frequency Microwave Radiometer for Measuring the Vertical Distribution of Temperature, Water Vapor, and Cloud Liquid Water, J. Liljegren, DOE ARM Microwave Radiometer Profiler Handbook, 2002.

Comparison of GPS slant wet delay measurements with model simulations during the passage of a squall line, S-Y. Ha, Y.-H Kuo, Y.-R, Guo, GRL, 2002.

Continuous thermodynamic and wind profiling for improved short-term weather forecasting, R. Ware and F. Vandenberghe, COST720, 2002.

CASES-99: A Comprehensive Investigation of the Stable Nocturnal Boundary Layer, G. Poulos, W. Blumen, D. Fritts, J. Lundquist, J. Sun, S. Burns, C. Nappo, R. Banta, R. Newsom, J. Cuxart, E. Terradellas, B. Balsley and M. Jensen, BAMS, 2002.

A comparison of cloud properties at a coastal and inland site at the North Slope of Alaska, J. Doran, S. Zhong, J. Liljegren and C. Jakob, JGR, 2002.

Comparison of atmospheric parameters derived from GPS, VLBI and a ground-based microwave radiometer in Italy, R. Pacione, E. Fionda, R. Ferrara, R. Lanotte, C. Sciaretta and F. Vespe, Phys, Chem, Earth, 2002.

The Retrieval of Stratus Cloud Droplet Effective Radius with Cloud Radars, S. Frisch, M. Shupe, I. Djalalova, G. Feingold and M. Poellot, JAOT, 2002.

4-Dimensional Variational Assimilation of Ground-Based Microwave Observations during a Winter Fog Event, F. Vandenberghe and R. Ware, International Symposium on Atmospheric Sensing with GPS, Tsukuba, Japan, 2002.

Ground-Based Multifrequency Microwave Radiometry for Rainfall Remote Sensing, F. Marzano, E. Fiona, P. Ciotti and A. Martellucci, TGARS, 2002.

A Bayesian Algorithm for the Retrieval of Liquid Water Cloud Properties from Microwave Radiometer and Millimeter Radar Data, S. MacFarland and F. Evans, JGR, 2002.

Radiometric profiling of tropospheric temperature, humidity and cloud liquid, R. Ware and F. Vandenberghe, TECO, 2002.

Studies of 19.5 GHz sky radiometric temperature: Measurements and applications, S.-P. Shih and Y.-H. Chu, Rad. Sci., 2002.

Diagnosis of Three Dimensional Water Vapor Using Slant Observations from a GPS Network, A. MacDonald, Y. Xie and R. Ware, Mon. Wea. Rev., 2002.

Diurnal variation in water vapor over North America and its implications for sampling errors in radiosonde humidity, A. Dai, J. Wang, R. Ware and T. Van Hove, JGR, 2002.


Analysis of integrated cloud liquid and precipitable water vapor retrievals from microwave radiometers during the Surface Heat Budget of the Artic Ocean project, E. Westwater, Y. Han, M. Shupe, and S. Matrosov, JGR, 2001.

The Operational Complex Quality Control of Radiosonde Heights and Temperatures at the National Centers for Environmental Prediction, Parts I and II , W. Collins, JAM, 2001.

The NCEP-NCAR 50 Year Reanalysis, R. Kistler, E. Kalnay, W. Collins, S. Saha, G. White, J. Woolen, M. Chelliah, W. Ebiszusaki, M. Kanamitsu, V. Kousky, H. van den Dool, R. Jenne, M. Fiorino, BAMS, 2001.

Comparison of cloud liquid water paths derived from in situ and microwave radiometer data taken during the SHEBA/FIREFACE, B. Lin, P. Minnis, A. Fan, J. Curry and H. Gerber, GRL, 2001.

Profiling Cloud Liquid Water by Combining Active and Passive Microwave Measurements with Cloud Model Statistics, U. Loehnert, S. Crewell, C. Simmer and A. Macke, JAOT, 2001.

A new retrieval for cloud liquid water path using a ground-based microwave radiometer and measurements of cloud temperature, J. Liljegren, E. Clothiaux, G. Mace, S. Kato and X. Dong, JGR, 2001.

Ocean tidal loading effects on GPS-sensed atmospheric precipitable water vapor, A. Dai, R. Ware and T. Van Hove, JGR, 2001.

Rainfall Intensity Estimation by Ground-Based Dual-Frequency Microwave Radiometers, G.-R Liu, C.-C. Liu and T.-H. Kuo, JAM, 2001.

Validation of line-of-sight water vapor measurements with GPS, J. Braun, C. Rocken and R. Ware, Rad. Sci., 2001.

Remote Sensing of the Thermodynamic State of the Atmospheric Boundary Layer by Ground-Based Microwave Radiometry, J. Güldner and D. Spänkuch, JAOT, 2001.

Initial Evaluation of Profiles of Temperature, Water Vapor, and Cloud Liquid Water from a New Microwave Profiling Radiometer, J. Liljegren, B. Lesht, S. Kato, and E. Clothiaux, 11th ARM Sci. Team Meet., 2001.

Initial Evaluation of Profiles of Temperature, Water Vapor and Cloud Liquid from a New Microwave Radiometer, J. Liljegren, B. Lesht, S. Kato, E. Clothiaux, F. Solheim and R. Ware, 4th SMOI, 2001.

Discrimination of cloud and rain liquid water path by groundbased polarized microwave radiometry, H. Czekala, S. Crewell, C. Simmer, A. Thiele, GRL, 2001.

Comparison of Measurements of Atmospheric Wet Delay by Radiosonde, Water Vapor Radiometer, GPS, and VLBI, A. Niell, A. Coster, F. Solheim, V. Mendes, P. Toor, R. Langley and C. Upham, JAOT, 2001.

Microwave Radiometer for Cloud Carthography: A 22-channel ground-based microwave radiometer for atmospheric research, S. Crewell, H. Czekala, U. Loehnert, C. Simmer, T. Rose, R. Zimmermann and R. Zimmermann, RS, 2001.

Rainfall Intensity Estimation by Ground-Based Dual-Frequency Microwave Radiometers, G.-R. Liu, C.-C. Liu and T.-H. Kuo, JAM, 2001.

Comparison of precipitable water observations in the near tropics by GPS, radiometer, and radiosondes, Y.-A. Liou, Y-T. Teng, J. Liljegren and T. Van Hove, JAM, 2001.

Estimation of the representativeness error caused by the incremental formulation of variational data assimilation, G. Desroziers, O. Brachemi, and B. Hamadache, QJRMS, 2001.


The effect of small-scale moisture variability on thunderstorm initiation, T. Weckwerth, MWR, 2000.

A comparison of clear-sky emission models with data taken during the 1999 millimeter-wave radiometric arctic winter water vapor experiment, E. Westwater, Y. Han, A. Gasiewski, M. Klein, P. Racette, W. Manning and B. Lesht, ARM, 2000.

Continuous water vapor profiles from operational ground-based active and passive remote sensors, D. D. Turner, W. F. Feltz and R. A. Ferrare, BAMS, 2000.

SuomiNet: A Real-Time National GPS Network for Atmospheric Research, R. Ware, D. Fulker, S. Stein, D. Anderson, S. Avery, R. Clark, K. Droegemeier, J. Kuettner, J. Minster and S. Sorooshian, BAMS (cover article), 2000.

Obtaining single path phase delays from GPS double differences, C. Alber, R. Ware, C. Rocken and J. Braun, GRL, 2000.

Meteorological modeling for air-quality assessments, N. Seaman, Atmos. Environment, 2000.

A comparison of gravity wave energy observed by VHF radar and GPS/MET over central North America, G. Nastrom, A. Hansen, T. Tsuda, M. Nishida and R. Ware, JGR, 2000.

A global morphology of gravity wave activity in the stratosphere revealed by the GPS occultation data (GPS/MET), T. Tsuda, N. Nishida, C. Rocken and R. Ware, JGR, 2000.

Nadir sensitivity of passive millimetter and submillimeter wave channels to clear air temperature and water vapor variations, M. Klein and A. Gasiewski, JGR, 2000.

Analysis and Improvement of Tipping Calibration for Ground-Based Microwave Radiometers, Y. Han and E. Westwater, TGARS, 2000.

Microwave Radiometry and Remote Sensing of Earth’s Surface and Atmosphere, Pampaloni and Paloscia, VSP, 2000.

Resolution and accuracy of a multi-frequency scanning radiometer for temperature profiling, E. Westwater, Y. Han, and F. Solheim, Microwave Radiometric Remote Sensing of the Earth’s Surface Atmosphere, P. Pampaloni and S. Paloscia (editors), 2000.

Observations of integrated water vapor and cloud liquid water at the SHEBA ice station, J. Liljegren, Microwave Radiometric Remote Sensing of the Earth’s Surface Atmosphere, P. Pampaloni and S. Paloscia (editors), 2000.

Automatic self-calibration of ARM microwave radiometers, J. Liljegren, Microwave Radiometric Remote Sensing of the Earth’s Surface Atmosphere, P. Pampaloni and S. Paloscia (editors), 2000.


The use of hourly model-generated soundings to forecast mesoscale phenomena. Part II: Initial assessment in forecasting nonconvective strong wind gusts, R. E. Hart and G. S. Forbes, AMS, 1999.

The retrieval of planetary boundary layer structure using ground-based infrared spectral radiance measurements, W. L. Smith, et al, JAOT, 1999.

Ground-Based Remote Sensor Observations during PROBE in the Tropical Western Pacific, E. Westwater, Y. Han, J. Snider, J. Churnside, J. Shaw, M. Falls, C. Long, T. Ackerman, K. Gage, W. Ecklund and A. Riddle, BAMS, 1999.

Effect on the Calculated Spectral Surface Radiances Due to MWR Scaling of Sonde Water Vapor Profiles, A. Clough, P. Brown, J. Liljegren, D. Turner, T. Shippert, D. Tobin, H. Revercomb and R. Knuteson, 9th ARM Sci. Team Meet, 1999.

Microwave radiation from mixed phase cloud and parameter retrievals, G. Zhang and J. Vivekanandan, 8th AMS Conf. ARAM, 1999.

Remote Sensing of Boundary Layer Temperature Profiles by a Scanning 5-mm Microwave Radiometer and RASS: Comparison Experiments, E. Westwater, Y. Han, G. Irisov, V. Leuskiy, E. Kadygrov and S. Viazankin, JAOT, 1999.

Scattering effects on microwave passive remote sensing of cloud parameters, Zhang, G., Vivekanandan, and M. Politovich, 8th AMS Conf. ARAM, 1999.

Variability of Cloud Vertical Structure during ASTEX Observed from a Combination of Rawinsonde, Radar, Ceilometer, and Satellite, J. Wang, W. Rossow, T. Uttal and M. Rozendaal, MWR, 1999.

Propagation Delays Induced in GPS Signals by Dry Air, Water Vapor, Hydrometeors and other Atmospheric Particulates, F. Solheim, J. Vivekanandan, R. Ware, and C. Rocken, JGR, 1999.

A Review of Cloud Seeding Experiments to Enhance Precipitation and Some New Prospects, R. Bruintjes, BAMS, 1999.

Results of Year-Round Remotely Sensed Integrated Water Vapor by Ground-Based Microwave Radiometry, J. Güldner and D. Spänkuch, JAM, 1999.

Observations of Integrated Water Vapor and Cloud Liquid Water at SHEBA, J. Liljegren, 9th ARM Sci. Team Meet., 1999.

A Comparison of Integrated Water Vapor from Microwave Radiometer, Balloon-Borne Sounding System and Global Positioning System, J. Liljegren, B. Lesht, T. Van Hove, and C. Rocken, 9th ARM Sci. Team Meet., 1999.


The use of hourly model-generated soundings to forecast mesoscale phenomena. Part I: Initial assessment in forecasting warm-season phenomena, R. E. Hart, G. S. Forbes, and R. H.  Grumm, AMS, 1998

Ground-based radiometric measurements of atmospheric brightness temperature and water contents in Italy, F. Barbaliscia, E. Fionda and P. Masullo, Rad. Sci., 1998.

Estimating horizontal gradients of tropospheric pathdelay with a single GPS receiver, Y. Bar-Sever, P. Kroger and J. Borjesson, JGR, 1998.

Passive ground-based remote sensing of atmospheric temperature, water vapor, and cloud liquid water profiles by a frequency synthesized microwave radiometer, F. Solheim, J. Godwin and R. Ware, Met. Zeit., 1998.

Entrainment and Detrainment in Numerically Simulated Cumulus Congestus Clouds. Part I: General Results, R. Carpenter, Jr., K. Droegemeier and A. Blyth, JAS, 1998.

Radiometric Profiling of Temperature, Water Vapor, and Cloud Liquid Water using Various Inversion Methods, F. Solheim, J. Godwin, E. Westwater, Y. Han, S. Keihm, K. Marsh and R. Ware, Rad. Sci., 1998.

Air and Sea Surface Temperature Measurements Using a 60-GHz Microwave Rotating Radiometer, Y. Trokhimovski, E. Westwater, Y. Han and V. Leuski, TGARS, 1998.

Influence of cloud temperature on brightness temperature and consequences for water retrieval, A. Bosisio and C. Mallet, Rad. Sci., 1998.


Liquid water content and temperature relationship from aircraft observations and its applicability to GCMs, I. Gultepe and G. Isaac, JClim, 1997.

Constrained Variational Analysis of Sounding Data Based on Column-Integrated Budgets of Mass, Heat, Moisture, and Momentum: Approach and Application to ARM Measurements, M. Zhang and L. Lin, JAS, 1997.

Atmospheric Soundings in Near-Real Time from Combined Satellite and Ground-Based Remotely Sensed Data, J. Cogan, E. Measure and D. Wolfe, JAOT, 1997.

Integrated Water Vapor and Cloud Liquid Water at MCTEX, J. Liljegren, 7th ARM Sci. Team Meet., 1997.

GPS surveying with 1 mm precision using corrections for atmospheric slant path delay, C. Alber, R. Ware, C. Rocken and F. Solheim, GRL, 1997.

Sensing integrated water vapor along GPS ray paths, R. Ware, C. Alber, C. Rocken and F. Solheim, GRL, 1997.

Temperature Error of the Vaisala RS90 Radiosonde, J. Luers, JAOT, 1997.

The Retrieval of Stratocumulus Cloud Properties by Ground-Based Cloud Radar, N. Fox and A. Illingworth, JAM, 1997.

Microwave Radiometric Technique to Retrieve Vapor, Liquid and Ice, Part I – Development of a Neural Network-Based Inversion Method, L. Li, J. Vivekanandan, C. H. Chan and L. Tsang, TGARS, 1997.

Microwave Radiometric Technique to Retrieve Vapor, Liquid and Ice: Part II-Joint Studies of Radiometer and Radar in Winter Clouds, J. Vivekanandan, L. Li, L. Tsang and C. Chan, TRGS, 1997.


Thermodynamic variability within the convective boundary layer due to horizontal convective rolls, T. Weckwerth, J. Wilson and R. Wakimoto, MWR, 1996.

Cloud properties derived from surface MFRSR measurements and comparison with GOES results at the ARM SGP site, Qilong Min and Lee C. Harrison, 1996.

GPS Sounding of the Atmosphere from Low Earth Orbit: Preliminary Results, R. Ware, M. Exner, D. Feng, M. Gorbunov, K. Hardy, B. Herman, Y. Kuo, T. Meehan, W. Melbourne, C. Rocken, W. Schreiner, S. Sokolovskiy, F. Solheim, X. Zou, R. Anthes, S. Businger and K. Trenberth, BAMS (cover article), 1996.

The Promise of GPS in Atmospheric Monitoring, S. Businger, S. Chiswell, M. Bevis, J. Duan, R. Anthes, C. Rocken, R. Ware, M. Exner, T. Van Hove and F. Solheim, BAMS (cover article), 1996.

Comparison of Thermodynamic Retrieval by the Adjoint Method with the Traditional Retrieval Method, J. Sun and A. Crook, MWR, 1996.

Sensitivity of Moist Convection Forced by Boundary Layer Processes to Low-Level Thermodynamic Fields, A. Crook, MWR, 1996.

Ground-Based Remote Sensing of the Atmospheric Boundary Layer: 25 Years of Progress, J. Wilczak, E. Gossard, W. Neff and W. Eberhard, BLM, 1996.

Microwave Radiometer for Passively and Remotely Measuring Atmospheric Temperature, Water Vapor and Cloud Liquid Water Profiles, F. Solheim, J. Godwin and R. Ware, US Army White Sands Missile Range Final Report, 1996.

Measurement of Integrated Water Vapor and Cloud Liquid Water from Microwave Radiometers, J. Liljegren and B. Lesht, IGARSS, 1996.

Determination of Cloud Amount and Level from Radiosonde Soundings, I. Chernykh, and R. Eskridge, JAM, 1996.

The local analysis and prediction systems (LAPS): analyses of clouds, precipitation, and temperature, S.C. Albers, J.A. McGinley, D.L. Birkenheuer, and J.R. Smart, Weather and Forecasting, 1996.


Measurement of Stratus Cloud and Drizzle Parameters in ASTEX with a K-band Doppler Radar and a Microwave Radiometer, A. Frisch, C. Fairall and J. Snider, JAS, 1995.

Production and Depletion of Supercooled Liquid Water in a Colorado Winter Storm, M. Politovich and B. Bernstein, JAM, 1995.

Determination of Liquid Water Altitudes Using Combined Remote Sensors, M. Politovich, B. Stankov and B. Martner, JAM, 1995.

GPS Storm – GPS Sensing of Atmospheric Water Vapor for Meteorology, C. Rocken, T. Van Hove, J. Johnson, F. Solheim, R. Ware, M. Bevis, S. Businger and S. Chiswell, JAOT, 1995.

Remote Sensing of Tropospheric Water Vapor and Cloud Liquid Water by Integrated Ground-Based Sensors, Y. Han and E. Westwater, JAOT, 1995.


Two-Channel Microwave Radiometer for Observations of Total Column Precipitable Water Vapor and Cloud Liquid Water Path, J. Liljegren, 5th Symp. Global Change Studies, 1994.

Multichannel Microwave Radiometric Observations at Saipan during the Tropical Cyclone Motion Experiment, Y. Han and D. Thomson, JAOT, 1994.

Tropospheric Profiling – Matching Research and Operational Needs with Emerging Technologies, C. Fairall and R. Carbone, JAOT, 1994.

Temperature Profiling with Neural Network Inversion of Microwave Radiometer Data, J. Churnside, T. Stermitz and J. Schroeder, JAOT, 1994.

Active and Passive Microwave Remote Sensing of Precipitating Storms During CAPE. Part I: Advanced Microwave Precipitation Radiometer and Polarimetric Radar Measurements and Models, J. Turk, J. Vivekanandan, F. Marzano, R. Hood, R. Spencer and F. LaFontaine, MAP, 1994.

WINDEX-A new index for forecasting microburst potential, D. McCann, Weather and Forecasting, 1994.


Micro Pulse Lidar, J. Spinhire, TGRS, 1993.

Quality controls for profiler measurements of winds and RASS temperatures, B. Weber, D. Wuertz, D. Welsh and R. Mcpeek, JAOT, 1993.

Sensing Atmospheric Water Vapor with the Global Positioning System, C. Rocken, R. Ware, T. Van Hove, F. Solheim, C. Alber, J. Johnson, M. Bevis and S. Businger, GRL, 1993.

Pointed Water Vapor Radiometer Corrections for Accurate Global Positioning System Surveying, R. Ware, C. Rocken, F. Solheim, T. Van Hove, C. Alber, and J. Johnson, GRL, 1993.

Sensing Climate Change Using the Global Positioning System, L. Yuan. R. Anthes, R. Ware, C. Rocken, W. Bonner, M. Bevis, and S. Businger, JGR, 1993.

Use of Pointed Water Vapor Radiometers to Improve GPS Surveying Accuracy, F. Solheim, Doctoral Thesis, Univ. of Colorado, 1993.

An Evaluation of Wind Profiler, RASS and Microwave Radiometer Performance, B. Martner, D. Wuertz, B. Stankov, R. Strauch, E. Westwater, K. Gage, W. Ecklund, C. Martin and W. Dabberdt, BAMS, 1993.

Thermal Sounding of the Atmospheric Boundary Layer in the Oxygen Absorption Band Center at 60 GHz, A. Troitsky, K. Gajkovich, V. Gromov, E. Kadygrov and A. Kosov, TGARS, 1993.


Winter Icing and Storms Project (WISP), R. Rasmussen, M. Politovich, J. Marwitz, W. Sand, J. McGinley, J. Smart, R. Pielke, S. Rutledge, D. Wesley, G. Stossmeister, B. Bernstein, K. Elmore, N. Powell, E. Westwater, B. Stankov and D. Burrows, BAMS, 1992.

GPS Meteorology Remote Sensing of Atmospheric Water Vapor Using the Global Positioning System, M. Bevis, S. Businger, T. Herring, C. Rocken, R. Anthes and R. Ware, JGR, 1992.

Guide to Microwave Weighting Function Calculations, J. Schroeder and E. Westwater, NOAA Tech. Memo. ERL WPL-225, 1992.

Radiometric Determination of Water Vapor and Liquid Water and Its Validation With Other Techniques, R. Peter and N. Kämpfer, JGR, 1992.

Atmospheric Water Vapor Measurements: Comparison of Microwave Radiometry and Lidar, M. England, R. Ferrare, H. Melfi, D. Whiteman, T. Clark, JGR, 1992.

Smoke-Column Observations from Two Forest Fires Using Doppler Lidar and Doppler Radar, R. Banta, L. Olivier, E. Holloway, R. Kropfli, B. Bartram, R. Cupp and M. Post, JAM, 1992.


The polarization lidar technique for cloud research: a review and current assessment, K. Sassen, BAMS, 1991.

Users’ Guide to WPL Microwave Radiative Transfer Software, J. Schroeder and E. Westwater, NOAA Tech. Memo. ERL WPL-213, 1991.

The Measurement of Atmospheric Water Vapor: Radiometer Comparison and Spatial Variations, C. Rocken, J. Johnson, R. Neilan, M. Cerezo, J. Jordan, M. Falls, L. Nelson, R. Ware, and M. Hayes, TGARS, 1991.

A Model for the Complex Permittivity of Water at Frequencies Below 1 THz, H. Liebe, G. Hufford and T. Manabe, Int. Journal of Infrared and Millimeter Waves, 1991.

Ice Water Path Estimation and Characterization Using Passive Microwave Radiometry, J. Vivekanandan, J. Turk and V. Bringi, JAM, 1991.

1990 and earlier years

Preliminary evaluation of the first NOAA demonstration network wind profiler, B. L. Weber et al, JAOT, 1990.

The accuracy of RASS temperature measurements, P. May, K. Moran and R. Strauch, JAM, 1989.

A comparison of several radiometric methods of deducing path-integrated cloud liquid water, C. Wei, H. Leighton and R. Roger, JAOT, 1989.

Representativeness errors for radiosonde observations, M. Kitchen, QJRMS, 1989.

MPM – An Atmospheric Millimeter-wave Propagation Model, H. Liebe, International Journal of Infrared and Millimeter Waves, 1989.

Number of nonredundant frequencies for ground-based microwave radiometric temperature profiling, E. M. Measure, T. L Barber, Y. P. Yee, and D. R. Larson, JAOT, 1989.

Atmospheric profiling of water vapor density with a 20.5-23.5 GHz autocorrelation radiometer, C. S. Ruf and C. T. Swift, JAOT, 1988.

A Theoretical Study of the Accuracy of Tomographic Retrieval of Cloud Liquid with an Airborne Radiometer, J. Drake, and J. Warner, JAOT, 1988.

Field Tests of an Airborne Remote Sensing Technique for Measuring the Distribution of Liquid Water in Convective Cloud, J. Warner and J. Drake, JAOT, 1988.

The precision and relative accuracy of profiler wind measurements, R. G. Strauch, B. L. Weber, A. S. Frisch, C. G. Little, D. A. Merritt, K. P. Moran, and D. C. Welsh, JAOT, 1987.

Field Evaluation of a Dual-Channel Microwave Radiometer Designed for Measurement of Integrated Water Vapor and Cloud Liquid Water in the Atmosphere, M. Heggli, R. Rauber and J. Snider, JAOT, 1987.

Ground-Based Microwave Radiometric Observations of the Temporal Variation of Atmospheric Geopotential Height and Thickness, P. Ciotti, E. Westwater, M. Decker, A. Bedard and B. Stankov, TGRS, 1987.

A Comparison of Methods for Determining Tropopause Height from VHF Radar Observations, W. Sweezy and E. Westwater, JAOT, 1986.

Liquid Water Distribution Obtained from Coplanar Scanning Radiometers, J. Warner, J. Drake and J. Snider, JAOT, 1986.

A Review of Ground-Based Remote Sensing of Temperature and Moisture by Passive Microwave Radiometers, J. Askne, and E. Westwater, TGARS, 1986.

A GPS Baseline Determination Including Bias Fixing and Water Vapor Radiometer Corrections, R. Ware, C. Rocken, and K. Hurst, JGR, 1986.

A new algorithm for microwave delay estimation from water vapor radiometer data, S. E. Robinson, TDA, 1986.

Determination of Cloud Liquid Water Distribution by Inversion of Radiometric Data, J. Warner, J. Drake and P. Krehbiel, JAOT, 1985.

A Review of the Sierra Cooperative Pilot Project, D. Reynolds and A. Dennis, BAMS, 1985.

Remote Sensing of Temperature Profiles from a Combination of Observations from the Satellite-Based Microwave Sounding Unit and the Ground-Based Profiler, E. Westwater, W. Zhenhui, N. Grody, and L. McMillin, JAOT, 1985.

Determination of Atmospheric Temperature Profiles from a Statistical Combination of Ground-Based Profiler and Operational NOAA 617 Satellite Retrievals, E. Westwater, W. Sweezy, L. McMilllin, and C. Dean, JCAM, 1984.

Ground-Based Remote Sensing of Temperature Profiles by a Combination of Microwave Radiometry and Radar, E. Westwater, M. Decker, A. Zachs and K. Gage, JCAM, 1983.

An Automatic Profiler of the Temperature, Wind and Humidity in the Troposphere, D. Hogg, M. Decker, F. Guiraud, K. Earnshaw, D. Merritt, K. Moran, W. Sweezy, R. Strauch, E. Westwater and C. Little, JCAM, 1983.

A Steerable Dual-Channel Microwave Radiometer for Measurement of Water Vapor and Liquid in the Troposphere, D. Hogg, F. Guiraud, J. Snider, M. Decker and E. Westwater, JCAM, 1983.

The Use of Microwave Radiometry to Determine a Cloud Seeding Opportunity, J. Snider and D. Rottner, JAM, 1982.

The Short-Term Temporal Spectrum of Precipitable Water Vapor, D. Hogg, F. Guiraud, and W. Sweezy, Sci., 1981.

Simultaneous Observation of Cool Cloud Liquid by Ground-Based Microwave Radiometry and Icing of Aircraft, D. Hogg, F. Guiraud and E. Burton, JAM, 1980.

Comparison of Cloud Liquid Content Measured by Independent Ground-Based Systems, J. Snider, F. Guiraud and D. Hogg, JAM, 1980.

A Dual-Channel Microwave Radiometer for Measurement of Precipitable Water Vapor and Liquid, F. Guiraud, J. Howard and D. Hogg, TGE, 1979.

Microwave Radiometer Measurement of Water Vapor Path Delay: Data Reduction Techniques, E Claflin, S. Wu, and G. Resch, JPL, 1978.

The Accuracy of Water Vapor and Cloud Liquid Determinations by Dual-Frequency Ground-Based Microwave Radiometry, E. Westwater, Rad. Sci., 1978.

Experimental Evaluation of Ground-Based Microwave Sensing of Atmospheric Temperature and Water Vapor, M. Decker, E. Westwater and F. Guiruad, JAM, 1978.

Experimental Determination of Temperature Profiles by Ground-Based Microwave Radiometry, E. Westwater, J. Snider and A. Carlson, JAM, 1975.

Ground-Based Determination of Low Altitude Temperature Profiles by Microwaves, E. Westwater, MWR, 1972.

Passive Remote Sensing at Microwave Wavelengths, D. Staelin, IEEE, 1969.

Statistical information content of radiation measurements used in indirect sensing, E. Westwater and O. Strand, JAS, 1968.

Ground-based passive probing using the microwave spectrum of oxygen, E. Westwater, RadioScience, 1965.

A measurement of excess antenna temperature at 4080 Mc/s, A. Penzias, AJL, 1965.

The Water Content of Cumuliform Clouds, J. Warner, Tellus, 1955.

The Microwave Absorption Spectrum of Oxygen, M. Standberg, C. Meng and J. Ingersoll, Phys. Rev., 1949.

The Absorption of Microwaves by Uncondensed Water Vapor, J. Van Vleck, Phys. Rev., 1947.

The Absorption of Microwaves by Oxygen, J. Van Vleck, Phys. Rev., 1947.

The measurement of thermal radiation at microwave frequencies, R. H. Dicke, Rev. Scientific Instruments, 1946.

Water Vapor Absorption of Electromagnetic Radiation in the Centimeter Wave-Length Range, G. Becker and S. Autler, Phys. Rev. 1946.

On the Shape of Collision-Broadened Lines, J. Van Vleck and V. Weisskopf, Rev. Modern Physics, 1945.